Ch.2_CDPwPt - Chemical Dependency: A Systems Approach...

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Chemical Dependency: A Systems Approach Chapter 2 The Etiology of Addiction
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Why use drugs? Curiosity False sense of completeness Substitution for career, religion, etc. Social pressure Many are legal Disease model: there is a predisposition that leads to loss of control and a progressive disease
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Explanations for Addiction Moral Model Psychological Biological Sociocultural Alternatives
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The Moral Model Alcoholism and drug addiction are a product of sin and moral weakness Still greatly influences public policy
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Psychological Theories Deals with the mind and emotions, includes: Cognitive-behavioral People enjoy variety and repeat actions that cause pleasure Alcohol/drugs are chemical surrogates of natural reinforcers Brain adapts to chemical, when removed causes unpleasant effects Continue using to avoid withdrawal (negative reinforcement) Learning Use causes a decrease in psychological states like anxiety and stress, positive reinforcement Learned response continues and results in physical dependence
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Ch.2_CDPwPt - Chemical Dependency: A Systems Approach...

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