10.1.1.119.296 - Microfinance, rural livelihoods, and...

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Unformatted text preview: Microfinance, rural livelihoods, and women’s empowerment in Uganda een wetenschappelijke proeve op het gebied van de Sociale Wetenschappen PROEFSCHRIFT ter verkrijging van de graad van doctor aan de Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen op gezag van de rector magnificus prof. dr. C.W.P.M. Blom volgens besluit van het College van Decanen in het openbaar te verdedigen op dinsdag 23 januari 2007 om 15.30 uur door Alfred Lakwo geboren op 18 april 1970 te Nebbi, Uganda Promotores: Prof. Dr. Leo J. de Haan, Leiden University Prof. Dr. Deirdre Carabine, Uganda Martyrs University, Uganda Co-promoter: Dr. Frans J. Schuurman Manuscriptcommissie: Prof. Dr. Annelies Zoomers, voorzitter Prof. Dr. Willy Jansen Dr. André Leliveld, African Studies Centre, Leiden African Studies Centre Research Report 85 / 2006 Microfinance, rural livelihoods, and women’s empowerment in Uganda Alfred Lakwo Published by: African Studies Centre P.O. Box 9555 2300 RB Leiden Tel: +31 (0)71-527 33 72 Fax: +31 (0)71-527 33 44 E-mail: asc@ascleiden.nl Website: www.ascleiden.nl Printed by: PrintPartners Ipskamp BV, Enschede ISBN-10: 90-5448-069-6 ISBN-978-90-5448-069-3 © African Studies Centre, 2006 This book is dedicated to my mother, Mrs Terezina Anjelina Angeyo and to my wife, Mrs Joanita Oroma and my daughters Nina Lannet Lakwo and Carabine Nelly Lakwo. Thank you for the courage you instilled in me. For your patience, sacrifice, and encouragement especially when you painstakingly had to do without me, I’m grateful. And, finally, to my late father who passed away before witnessing the final completion of this research, a project you so much supported, may peace be with you always. vii Contents List of figures ix List of tables ix List of boxes x List of abbreviations xi Acknowledgements xiii 1. B ACKGROUND TO THE STUDY 1 Introduction 1 Women, gender, and development: A weak analytical integration 2 Microfinance: A development strategy for women? 6 Engendering development: Uganda’s approaches and flaws 7 Empowerment: A U-turn in engendering development 15 Empowerment in development practice 21 The present study 26 2. T HE MICROFINANCE DEBATE 30 Introduction 30 A synoptic history of microfinance 30 Typologies of microfinance 32 The paradigm shift debate 34 Concluding remarks 44 3. W OMEN ’ S EMPOWERMENT IN PERSPECTIVE 45 Introduction 45 Women’s empowerment: Looking beyond poverty reduction 45 The problem statement: A precise delimitation 47 Understanding women’s empowerment: A beneficiary perspective 47 Empowerment operationalized 49 Sustainable livelihood framework: An analytical tool 50 A revised analytical framework 57 Measuring empowerment: A contextualized approach 62 Research question 65 Concluding remarks 66 4. R ESEARCH METHODOLOGY 68 Introduction 68 Methodological debate: An overview of impact assessment 68 Microfinance and IA studies 70 Approaching the challenges: Reliability and validity question 76 Through the wood: Data management 79 viii Challenges and strengths of the data collection methods...
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10.1.1.119.296 - Microfinance, rural livelihoods, and...

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