04-ComplexCarbs-4

04-ComplexCarbs-4 - Fire & Cooking Plant Foods Part One...

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1 Plant Foods Part One Fire & Cooking Fertile Crescent The Fertile Crescent is a region in Western Asia. The region is often considered the cradle of civilization, saw the development of many of the earliest human civilizations, and is the birthplace of agriculture, writing and the wheel. Seeds as Foods Seeds are the plant’s embryonic material with food for its initial growth period. The cultivation and use of seeds for food 10,000 years ago, formed the basis for the beginning of Agriculture The main component of seeds is starch which now supplies 60% of the average person daily calorie intake. Grains & legumes also account for more than 2/3 of dietary protein in the average person’s diet.
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2 Seeds Grains –cereals are all plants from the grass family. They produce many tiny dry fruits (grains). Legumes are plants that bear several seeds in a pod. Can be eaten as a vegetable or dried for storage. Nuts comprise a category that includes the seeds of fleshly or one seeded fruits. Grains There are over 8,000 species in the grass family Cereals- corn, wheat, rice, barley, oats, millet, rye, sorghum, wild rice & false brome are the principle cereals which been adopted for human and animal foods. The world’s 3 major cereals corps: corn > wheat > rice Wheat • Wheat used for human consumption & some extent for livestock feed and seed • Developed from a type of wild grass of Asia Minor • Cultivation originated in 10,000 B.C. making it the oldest cereal crops 8 "Whole grains consist of the starchy endosperm, germ and bran.
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3 9 The milling process involves several rounds of grinding and sifting off coarse particles Tempered wheat Crushed wheat (flour) Milling (Grinding) Wheat to Make Flour 10 Milling Early mills used two horizontal, disk-shaped stones that
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This note was uploaded on 03/10/2012 for the course FST 10 taught by Professor Jack during the Winter '08 term at UC Davis.

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04-ComplexCarbs-4 - Fire & Cooking Plant Foods Part One...

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