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Unformatted text preview: BTO120 Linux Notes for Test 1 Some Commands pwd will show your current directory cd is used to change current directory, eg. cd directory-name ls- lists information about files and directories o ls -a- all files (including hidden) o ls -l- long form, gives more information about files o ls -d- gives information about the directory itself, not contained files o these options can be mixed and matched, eg. ls -ld cal- displays a calendar of the current month o cal 1995- displays calendar for specified year o cal 3 1995- displays calendar for specified month of specified year date- gives date and time who , w- information about users logged on to system o who am i , whoami- information about your session BTO120 - Operating Systems for Programmers - UNIX Lecture 2 - Common Commands; Simple Filter Commands Common Commands touch- creates a new file, or updates stats on an existing file mkdir- to create directories o mkdir -p- to create a directory &amp; any parent directories not already existing rmdir- to delete empty directories, eg. rmdir directory-list mv existing-file new-file - to rename or move files &amp; directories cp source-file destination-file - to copy files (careful, overwrites destination with no warning) o cp -R - to copy directories including files and subdirectories rm- to delete files, eg. rm file-list o rm -r - to delete directories including files and subdirectories o rm -ir- to delete directories including files and subdirectories, with prompt to confirm removal cat filename- display contents of file more or less- displays file contents one page at a time o &lt;space bar&gt; - will go to next page o b - will go to previous page o /string - will search for string within document being viewed o q - will quit file filename- gives info about the contents of the file find- to find files matching specified characteristics o find . -name file* - lists pathname of any filenames beginning with &quot;file&quot;, from the current directory and any subdirectories o find . -size +50k - lists pathname of any files larger than 50 kb, from the current directory and any subdirectories o find . -user alice -empty -delete- deletes empty files owned by user &quot;alice&quot; o find . -mmin -5 - lists files modified less than 5 minutes ago man command - online manual (or help) for command, uses more to display information o man -k keyword- eg. man -k calendar- searches through man sections for keyword o similar commands: apropos , whatis , info diff file1 file2 - displays differences between 2 files o similar commands: cmp and comm echo text or $variable (eg. $USER) stty- determine and set terminal characteristics o stty -a - will show all terminal capabilities o stty -g - will show all terminal capabilities in machine- readable form can be used to reset terminal characteristics in scripts o stty -echo - disables echoing of typed characters...
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This note was uploaded on 03/08/2012 for the course BSD 120 taught by Professor L.czegal during the Spring '12 term at Seneca.
- Spring '12