Exam review - Chapter 1 Metaphysics- study of the nature of...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Chapter 1 Metaphysics - study of the nature of reality (objective and subjective) Good reasons for believing these claims are false: There’s no such thing as objective truth. We make our own truth. (relative/subjective) o Relative Truth- can be true at that time or to those people but may change o A relativist sees no objective truth b/c it’s inconsistent There’s no such thing as objective reality. We make our own reality. o Hopes and beliefs are subjective o Truth- something to do w/ the way things actually are (reality) There are spiritual, mystical or inner ways of knowing that are superior to our ordinary ways of knowing. If an experience seems real, it is real. If an idea feels right to you, it is right. We are incapable of acquiring knowledge of the true nature of reality. o Epistemology - knowledge of a phenomenon Science itself is irrational or mystical. It’s just another faith or belief system or myth with no more justification than any other. It doesn’t matter whether beliefs are true or not, as long as they’re meaningful to you. 1. If some of these ARE true then knowing anything about anything is IMPOSSIBLE. 2. If you honestly believe any of these, you can’t discover what’s real or true. o If there’s no objective truth, then no statement is objectively true including “there’s no such thing as objective truth” o No such thing as knowledge, nothing to know then. o Speculation that reality is subjective- that the universe is a product of our imagination o Quantum scientists question if a tree is really there when no one is looking) o Does it matter whether something is true or not? o Yes, because our actions are based on out beliefs and if mistaken, our actions won’t succeed. Chapter 2 o Anything that violates physical principles is impossible. o Energy conservation for example. o Anomalies - phenomena that don’t seem to obey known laws; science advances only by recognizing and dealing with them o Paradigm - theoretical framework that determines what questions are worth asking and what methods should be used to answer them. o Paradigm shift - when anomalies don’t fit established paradigms and can’t be explained away, science has to abandon the old paradigm and adopt a new one. o Science vs. Pseudo Science
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Some use scientific methods to justify belief Test, evidence, inference, patterns, cumulative, paradigm shifts As paradigms shift, the way things appear will change Laws of science are still just “theories” Science is cumulative based on “laws” Data collected can still be wrong o Pseudo Science- astrology, acupuncture Untestable, predictions, lack specifics Option 1: Cumulative View Option 2: Changes in thought go with paradigm shift o Necessary truths - things that can’t possibly be false. o
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 03/09/2012 for the course PHIL 102 taught by Professor Rug during the Spring '11 term at University of Illinois, Urbana Champaign.

Page1 / 18

Exam review - Chapter 1 Metaphysics- study of the nature of...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online