51938549-Chapter-1-The-Meeting-of-Cultures

51938549-Chapter-1-The-Meeting-of-Cultures - AP US History...

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1 The Meeting of Cultures Chapter 1 Chapter Summary: Before European explorers arrived in the Americas, Native Americans had developed many forms of social organizations that differed from one another in their levels of achievement. Europeans, concerned Frst with exploiting the New World and its peoples, regarded the natives as savages and set out to destroy their societies and replace them with a variation of European culture. The biological disaster brought on by smallpox and other diseases made it easier for the Europeans to conquer the tribes and civilizations, and to impose on the Native Americans a number of different colonial systems. In the Spanish colonies the Catholic Church was instrumental in this effort. To help make up for the Native Americans’ labor lost through wars and epidemics, Europeans brought in African slaves, who added to the cultural diversity of America. Con±icts in the Old World spilled over into the new as different nations got into the race for colonies, and the many connections between events in the Americas and the rest of the world became apparent. By the end of the sixteenth century, the age of discovery was all but over, and the great era of colonization, especially English colonization, was about to begin. Points for Discussion: 1. What was the nature of the Indian societies and their geographic distribution before the coming of the European explorers? What relationship existed between their subsistence patterns and their general culture? 2. What "discoveries" were made in America before 1600? Which of these led to colonization and which did not? What contributed to the success of these colonization efforts? 3. What did the Indian cultures contribute to the Europeans, and why, despite these contributions, did the invaders still think of the Native Americans as savages? (The document in the Study Guide, in which John Smith describes his meeting with the Indians will be useful in showing the attitude of Europeans toward Native American customs and values.) 4. How were the Spanish and English motives for colonization different? How were they similar? How were these motives re±ected in the organization of the colonies they established? 5. What was the social and cultural background of the Africans brought to America? How did this background differ from that of the Indians? Europeans? In what ways were the backgrounds of these people similar? 6. In what ways did England, Spain, and other European nations use the experience gained in earlier exploration and colonization when they attempted to colonize America? 7.
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This note was uploaded on 03/09/2012 for the course HIS 111 taught by Professor Hen during the Spring '12 term at Holyoke CC.

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51938549-Chapter-1-The-Meeting-of-Cultures - AP US History...

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