51938944-Chapter-5-The-American-Revolution

51938944-Chapter-5-The-American-Revolution - Willmore 1...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
David Willmore AP US - Pd. 5 30 March, 2011 The American Revolution Chapter 5 Chapter Summary: Between 1775 and 1787, Americans engaged in a conflict that was part, and to some degree a cause, of what historians have come to call an “age of revolutions.” The immediate goals of this Enlightenment-derived uprising was to win a war, make a peace, and create ideologically sound, stable governments on both the state and national levels. By the end of the era, there was little doubt that they had accomplished the first two of their goals, but serious questions were being raised concerning the success of the last. Despite problems that would have stopped lesser men, George Washington and his army had been able to keep the British at bay, winning when they could and losing as seldom as possible. Meanwhile, the Continental Congress, blessed with some remarkable diplomats, maintained a foreign policy, the success of which can be seen in the Franco-American Alliance of 1778 and the Treaty of Paris of 1783. But once the war ended, the government that the British threat had held together found that its member states' willingness to centralize power created more problems than it solved. Economic dislocation plagued the nation, as many thoughtful men searched for a way to transform Revolutionary rhetoric into reality and to restore order without sacrificing liberty. Among those taking a special interest in how this would be accomplished were women, African Americans, Native Americans and other minorities. Points for Discussion: 1. How did conflicts and rivalries among European nations both help and hinder the American struggle for independence? 2. Which groups of Americans were the most likely to remain loyal to England and why? 3. Initially, most Americans believed they were fighting for a redress of grievances within the British Empire. Why, then, did they change their minds and issue the Declaration of Independence in 1776? 4. Discuss the overall philosophy of the Declaration of Independence. Who was the intended audience for the document? What “rights” did it offer as a justification for revolution? What made it a compelling expression of ideas that had already been circulating in the colonies? 5. Compare and contrast the British and American conduct of the war. How did each side propose to “win”? How realistic was each side’s assessment of the other? How did each prewar assessment influence the ultimate outcome of the war? 6. On the basis of the text section titled “Debating the Past,” outline the schools of thought regarding the causes of the American Revolution. Define each school of thought. Which, if any, seems to be the most intellectually satisfying to you and why? Do you think the text subscribes to one of the schools of thought? Why or why
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 5

51938944-Chapter-5-The-American-Revolution - Willmore 1...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online