51938967-Chapter-6-The-Constitution-and-the-New-Republic -...

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Mr. Lundy AP US - Pd. 5 30 March, 2011 The Constitution and the New Republic Brinkley Chapter 6 Summary: The period between 1785 and 1800 was one of the most politically productive in American history. During these fifteen years, the nation, guided by some of the most talented men in its history, reorganized itself under a new framework of government and then struggled to define ί for itself as well as for others ί just what had been created. It was a period marked by the rise of a party that called itself Federalist, although the philosophy it espoused was, as its opponents were quick to point out, more "nationalist" in emphasis. Arguing that in order to prosper, the United States had best follow the economic and political example of Great Britain, these Federalists, led by Hamilton, injected foreign policy into domestic differences and set the stage for one of the earliest and most serious assaults by the government on individual civil liberties. Seeing their less elitist, pro-agriculture, Republican opponents as supporters of France in an undeclared war between that nation and the United States, the Federalists set out to suppress dissent and those who promoted it. This assault brought a swift response and so heightened tensions that many feared that the nation could not survive. It was against this background that a shift of power occurred, and by the end of the decade, the Federalists, who had been the moving force for so many years, were clearly losing ground to the Republicans. This meant that if wounds were to be healed and divisions mended, it would have to be done by the man many believed to be the personification of all that separated the two groups ί Thomas Jefferson. Points for Discussion: 1. What were the various motivations which led Americans to write a new Constitution in 1787? How were political debates and philosophical questions concerning the extent, division, and control of governmental powers resolved? 2. Discuss the debate among historians concerning the background of the Constitution and the possible motives of the Founding Fathers. 3. What were Hamilton’s motives for proposing his plans for taxation, assumption, and currency regulation? What was it in his motives that so upset Jefferson and Madison? 4. Compare and contrast the political, economic, and social philosophies of Thomas Jefferson and Alexander Hamilton. Explain the sort of nation each wished to create. Speculate on how Jefferson and Hamilton might react to current conditions in American domestic and foreign affairs. 5. The Bill of Rights is generally recognized as protecting the citizens of the United States from their government, but what safeguards were contained in the Constitution to protect states from violations of their "rights"? What additional safeguards were proposed by Jefferson and Madison in the Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions, and what were the implications of these resolutions with regard to the growth of the central government? 6.
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This note was uploaded on 03/09/2012 for the course HIS 111 taught by Professor Hen during the Spring '12 term at Holyoke CC.

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51938967-Chapter-6-The-Constitution-and-the-New-Republic -...

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