51939008-Chapter-10-America-s-Economic-Revolution -...

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1 David Willmore AP US - Pd 5 15 November, 2010 America’s Economic Revolution Chapter 10 Chapter Summary During this period, a combination of a rapid growth in population, the expansion of communication and transportation systems and the development of an agricultural system sufficient to feed an urban population gave rise to the American industrial revolution. The two sections of the nation most affected by this were the Northeast and the Northwest, which were drawn closer together as a result. Canals, railroads and the telegraph made it easier to move goods and information. Business grew as corporations began to shape the world of trade and commerce. Technological innovations helped expand industries as soon as the factory system began to replace the artisan tradition. In the Northwest, agriculture expanded to meet the increasing demand for farm products. All of this had profound implications for American men and women, both in the ways that they worked and in their family lives. Points for Discussion 1. What forces combined to produce a period of dramatic economic growth in the United States in the 1820s and 1830s? How was this overall growth reflected in urban areas such as New York City? 2. Examine the development of the systems of roads and canals between 1815 and 1840. What geographical factors contributed to this? What sections did this transportation system link together, and what effect did this have on the economy of each? How might this transportation network have influenced political alliances? 3. It has been said that "the most conspicuous change in American life in the 1840s and 1850s was the rapid development of the economy and society of the Northeast." What changes occurred in this region during the period under consideration, and how did these changes tend to draw the Northeast and Northwest more closely together - economically, socially, and politically? 4. Discuss the impact of increased European immigration between 1840 and 1860 on American political development, the workforce, and the character and distribution of the population. 5. Describe the types of workers recruited and the conditions they faced in America's early factory system. How and why did workers and conditions change from the 1820s to the 1840s, and what were the consequences? 6.
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This note was uploaded on 03/09/2012 for the course HIS 111 taught by Professor Hen during the Spring '12 term at Holyoke CC.

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51939008-Chapter-10-America-s-Economic-Revolution -...

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