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51939178-Chapter-14-The-Civil-War

51939178-Chapter-14-The-Civil-War - Willmore 1 David...

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David Willmore AP US - Pd. 5 5 December 2010 The Civil War Chapter 14 Chapter Summary Before 1860, reference to the national generally began “these United States are,” but after 1865, it became more frequently “the United States is.” In that change, one might well see the most important outcome of the American Civil War. The question of the nature of the Union, which had been debated since its inception, was settled – the nation was one and indivisible. As such the United States joined a worldwide movement to create large, consolidated nation-states. The cost had been great, in both human and financial terms, but the war had done more than defeat secessionist rebellion. It had set the nation on a new course. States’ rights, as an alternative to nationalism, had been dealt a fatal blow. The tariff and internal improvements were law and would remain so. Slavery was abolished, free labor was triumphant, and for the armies of the Union – the real victor had been the Union itself. Never again would the supremacy of national laws be seriously questioned. The Civil War gave birth to the modern United States. Indeed, it ended an era and began another. Points for Discussion 1. Why did the South secede? What pushed the Southern states over the brink? Why did last-minute efforts to reach a compromise fail? Examine the events of late 1859 and 1860 in the light of Southern social and economic concerns and from the standpoint of Southern political philosophy. 2. Describe the unique problems faced by President Lincoln at the outset of his presidency and his use of executive power to resolve them. Explain the series of events that began the Civil War at Fort Sumter. Why were both the North and the South so reluctant to fire the first shot? 3. Discuss why some Northerners regarded secession as an answer to the problem of slavery while the majority were willing to fight to hold the Union together. 4. Identify the factors that contributed to a Northern victory. Trace the major battles of the war and describe the military problems that plagued both the Union and Confederate armies. How did both governments attempt to deal with the problems?
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