51939180-Chapter-27-The-Global-Crisis-1921-1941 - Willmore...

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David Willmore AP US - Pd. 5 3 March 2011 The Global Crisis, 1921-1941 Chapter 27 Chapter Summary: After World War I, the United States avoided international commitments but not international contact. Relations with Latin America improved; however, in Asia and Europe, crises were brewing. The initial American reaction to the aggressive moves of Italy, Germany, and Japan was one of isolationism. Anxious to avoid involvement in another world war, the United States passed a series of Neutrality Acts; however, as the Axis aggressors became bolder, Roosevelt eased the nation closer and closer to war. The attack on Pearl Harbor blew away all isolationist remnants, and the nation entered World War II, determined and unified. Points for Discussion: 1. How isolationist was the United States in the 1920s? Was the dual policy of economic penetration and arms limitation an effective approach? 2. Explain and evaluate the objectives, means and results of American diplomacy during the 1920s. How and why did the early years of the Great Depression alter international affairs and relations? 3. Compare and contrast the American reactions to start of World War I and II. Explain the relationship between attitudes toward World War I and the isolationist sentiment and neutrality legislation of the 1930s. 4. Describe and explain the process by which American public opinion gradually shifted from a policy of neutrality in 1935 to one of interventionism in 1941. 5. Many of the broad strategy and social decisions of World War II are still debated. Describe the key issues involved in the Germany-first decision, the second-front debate, the Japanese- American internment and the dropping of the atomic bombs. 6. How and why did disaster strike for the United States at Pearl Harbor? With what consequences? 7. Explain the debate among historians over whether or not the Roosevelt administration knew that the Japanese were going to attack Pearl Harbor. Main Themes: 1. In the 1920s, the United States tried to increase its role in world affairs, especially economically, while avoiding commitments. 2.
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51939180-Chapter-27-The-Global-Crisis-1921-1941 - Willmore...

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