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51939181-Chapter-20-The-Imperial-Republic

51939181-Chapter-20-The-Imperial-Republic - Willmore 1...

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David Willmore AP US - Pd. 5 16 January 2011 The Imperial Republic Chapter 20 Chapter Summary Turning its interest from the continental United States to the world at large, America in the years after the Civil War fought a war with Spain and acquired a far-flung empire. In 1900, American possessions included Alaska, Hawaii, the Philippines, Puerto Rico and a string of Pacific islands. In addition, Cuba was essentially an American protectorate. The nation was suddenly a world power, with worldwide responsibilities and burdens. The empire had been acquired for economic and philosophical reasons. Expansionism could provide an outlet for a perceived glut of American goods and an arena in which to demonstrate the superiority of Western civilization. To accommodate its new role, the nation had to devise ways to improve its military establishment and govern its overseas territories. Points for Discussion: 1. Compare and contrast the old and new concepts of Manifest Destiny. What were at the economic, philosophical and racial motives for overseas expansion? Were these factors at work in the older continental expansion? 2. The United States has always been an expansionist nation. Site specific examples that prove this statement to be true. 3. What was the extent of American interest and involvement in Latin American and Pacific affairs before the Spanish-American War? 4. What hesitations and doubts about imperialism did Americans evince between 1865 and 1898? How did the Spanish-American War change this? 5. Discuss the personalities, philosophies, and developments that stirred American interest in expansionism during the 1890s. 6. What were the causes of the Spanish-American War? What impact did the Yellow Press have on American opinion on expansionism in the 1890s? What criticism was leveled against the Yellow Press? 7. Was the Spanish-American conflict indeed a "splendid little war"? What was splendid about it? What was sordid, seamy, or ill-conceived? 8. Analyze the positions for and against ratification of the Treaty of Paris (1898). What weaknesses led to ultimate defeat for the anti-imperialists at that time? What problems would a policy of imperialism entail for the American future? 9. The Filipino insurrection against the United States is one of the least remembered of all American wars. Discuss why this is so, as well as the causes and consequences of the war. 10. Discuss the background and results of the Open Door policy in China for the United States. Why did the "Open Door notes" represent little more than a "theoretical victory" for Secretary of State John Hay? 11. What parallels can be drawn between America's imperial aspirations and the way white Americans dealt with the Native Americans? Main Themes: 1. Why Americans turned from the old continental concept of Manifest Destiny to a new worldwide expansionism.
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