Group Roles - Roles in Groups Every member of a group plays...

Info iconThis preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: Roles in Groups Every member of a group plays a certain role within that group. Some roles relate to the task aspect of the group, while others promote social interaction. A third set of roles are self-centered and can be destructive for the group. Task-Oriented Researchers Benne and Sheats identified several roles which relate to the completion of the group's task: Roles Initiator-contributor: Proposes ideas, solutions or suggestions. Information-seeker: Asks for relevant information from the group about the task. Opinion-seeker: Asks for input (opinion/beliefs) from the group about its values. Information-giver: Offers facts or generalization to the group. Opinion-giver: States his or her beliefs about a group issue. Elaborator: Explains and expands upon ideas within the group, offers examples to clarify ideas. Coordinator: Clarifies the relationships among ideas and contributions. Orienter/Summarizer: Reviews and identifies themes, and shifts the direction of the group's discussion. Evaluator-critic: Measures group's actions against some objective standard. Constructive analysis. Energizer: Stimulates the group to a higher level of activity. Invigorates or enthuses group for task. Procedural-technician: Performs logistical functions for the group. Attends to seating, equipment, etc. Recorder/Secretary: Keeps a record of group actions and distributes meeting notes. Social or Maintenance Roles Groups also have members who play certain social roles: Supporter/Encourager: Praises the ideas of others. Warmth and recognition given freely. Harmonizer: Mediates interpersonal conflicts and reduces tension among group members. Conciliator/Compromiser: Offers options if his/her ideas are creating conflict. Maintains cohesion. Gatekeeper/expediter: Keeps communication channels open. Encourages interaction. Feeling expresser: Makes feelings/moods of group and self explicit. Follower: Goes along with the group and accepts the group's ideas. Individualistic Roles These roles place the individual group member above the group and are destructive to productive interactions. Aggressor: Aggressively questions others' motive or competence. Blocker: Prevents progress by raising objections constantly. Recognition seeker: Calls attention to himself or herself by boasting or bragging inappropriately. Self-confessor: Seeks to disclose non-group related feelings or opinions. Dominator: Asserts control over the group by interrupting or monopolizing interactions. Deserter: Refuses to participate, take a stand or respond to others. Joker: Shows lack of involvement by clowning or joking in excess. Cynic: Shoots down ideas, discounts chances for success without offering viable alternatives. ...
View Full Document

This note was uploaded on 03/08/2012 for the course BUS 330 taught by Professor Na during the Fall '11 term at American River.

Ask a homework question - tutors are online