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INTRODUCTION TO COGNITIVE PSYCHOLOGY I. Cognitive Psychology Defined A. cognitive psychology the study of how people perceive, learn, remember and think about information 1. a cognitive psychologist might study how people perceive various shapes, why they remember some facts but forget others or how they learn language. Some examples: *Why do objects look farther away on foggy days than they really are? *Why do many people remember a particular experience, yet forget the names of people who they have known for many years? II. Philosophical Antecedents of Psychology: Rationalism vs. Empiricism 1. Philosophy – which seeks to understand the general nature of many aspects of the world, primarily through introspection, the examination of inner ideas and experiences 2. Physiology – seeks a scientific study of life-sustaining functions in living matter primarily through empirical (observation-based) methods Rationalist – believes that the route to knowledge is through logical analysis Empiricist – believes that we acquire knowledge via empirical evidence, we obtain evidence through
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This note was uploaded on 03/09/2012 for the course PSYCHOLOGY V89.0029 taught by Professor Hilford during the Spring '12 term at NYU.

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