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Exam+2+Review - Exam 2 Review Chapter 19-22 Chapter 19...

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Exam 2 Review Chapter 19-22 Chapter 19 Carboxylic Acids -Nomenclature of carboxylic acids -Characteristic peaks in IR and NMR -Preparation of carboxylic acids -Jones reagent on primary alcohol - KMnO 4 on benzene side chain - Ozonolysis of alkenes and alkynes -Acidity of carboxylic acids - acid on benzene (EWG/EDG o/p or m effect) - regular acid (inductive effect) -Amino acids (zwitterions at neutral pH) Chapter 22 Carboxylic Acid Derivatives - Nomenclature - Nucleophilic acyl substitution o Preparation and utility of acid chloride to prepare most acid derivatives - Reactivity of different acid derivatives (will the reaction go?) - Transesterification (acid/base conditions) - Hydrolysis of acid derivatives (acid and base (saponification) conditions) - Reduction of amides (LiAlH 4 ) to amine - Reduction of esters to alcohol - Stop at aldehyde with DIBAL-H - Reaction of acid derivatives with organometalic reagents (one or two equivalents can add) - Hydrolysis of a nitrile Chapter 20 Introduction to Carbonyl Chemistry (Organometallic Reagents)
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