Assignment 4

Assignment 4 - June 2, 2010 LAW 500 LEG 500 LAW, ETHICS,...

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June 2, 2010 LAW 500 LEG 500 – LAW, ETHICS, AND CORPORATE GOVERNANCE LEG 500 – Assignment 4 Relevant Individual Moral Philosophies And Values Raised By The Actions and/or Conduct Of The Individuals Or Companies Unions In Germany And Their Role Dagmar Sousa Strayer University
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June 2, 2010 LAW 500 Introduction Unions in Germany can be traced back to 1848 when a staff association was formed by workers at a letterpress printers firm, followed by unions in the cigar, textile, and metal industries. Workers chose to unionize to resist and change terrible working conditions, such as the working conditions for miners, which required working for longer than 12 hours daily under unsafe conditions, receiving minimum wage and paying for their own petroleum for the lamps. These working conditions were the primary reason for the start of unionization in Germany. Otto von Bismarck (1815-1898), Chancellor of the German Empire, established several social laws to help the working class. In 1883 he initiated the law for health insurance, followed by the accident insurance in 1884, and the disability and retirement insurance starting at the age of 70 in 1889 (1 - DGB, May 2010). The German government officially accepted the unions as a lobbyist organization for the workers in 1916, which was a big step for the unions. In 1918 the unions and the lobbyist from the industries signed a contract together, were the industries accepted the unions and their ability to negotiate contracts for workers. The unions in Germany were also involved in political events. Under the leadership of Carl Legien the unions went on a nationwide strike in 1920 against the right-wing Kapp Putsch. Kapp Putsch lead a group against the government to proclaim the he is the new chancellor in the new nationalist government. It was the unions with their members who rallied to the defense of the existing government in the Weimar Republic at that time (2 - DGB, May 2010).
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June 2, 2010 LAW 500 During the Nazi regime, the unions were banned by law, and their members were hunted and arrested. Many union members died in the concentration camps. The new Nazi regime indoctrinated the workers into Nazi worker and life philosophy through the established in May 1933 “Deutsche Arbeitsfront” in which they absorbed private companies as well (Gewerkschaften, May 2010). After WWII the unions started to organize themselves again. Today there are four main unions made up of several subgroups, “Deutscher Gewerkschaftsbund’, “Beamtenbund und Tarifunion”, “Chrlistlicher Gewerkschaftsbund”, and “Berufsgewerkschaften”, which makes Germany internationally as one of the strongest unionized countries in the world. In 1960 more than 34 percent of all workers were organized in unions and today about 21 percent (politik blog, February 2010). Many of the social achievements in Germany were initiated through unions, such as the same income and same rights for women at work, campaigns against hatred of foreigners, and help with the unification of Germany. Unions today have several goals, where some of these goals are directed at work force
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Assignment 4 - June 2, 2010 LAW 500 LEG 500 LAW, ETHICS,...

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