Health Geo, lectures 11 and 12

Health Geo, lectures 11 and 12 - 1 Income Inequality as a...

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Unformatted text preview: 1 Income Inequality as a Determinant of Health Readings • Ross et al. (2000) • Dorling et al. (2007) Ross et al (2006 GEOG 303 Lecture Prof N. Ross • Ross et al. (2006) OK • Is it income distribution a key contextual property of place for the health of populations? GEOG 303 Lecture Prof N. Ross 2 Wilkinson GEOG 303 Lecture Prof N. Ross 60 65 70 75 80 85 fe Expectancy 76 78 80 USA Luxembourg Japan Switzerland Iceland Greece Malta Australia UK Norway Sweden For 32 Countries with GDP/Head Above $10,000 GEOG 303 Lecture Prof N. Ross 35 40 45 50 55 5 1 1 5 2 2 5 3 Average Lif GDP per Head based on Purchasing Power Parity ($US) 68 70 72 74 10000 15000 20000 25000 30000 r = 0.51 United Arab Emirates Bahrain Saudi Arabia Korea Portugal Denmark Ireland From Lynch et al. (2001) From Lynch et al. (2001) • It’s about our appraisal of place in the social order - the psychosocial hypothesis . • Involves cognitive processes of social comparison • social position affords an increased ‘host defence’ (Whit h ll How Can Inequality be Related to Mortality? (Whitehall) • hassles and frustrations of daily living more likely to become pathological when assessed against others’ more enviable situations • poverty feels worse in areas where others around you have more 2 Wilkinson GEOG 303 Lecture Prof N. Ross 60 65 70 75 80 85 fe Expectancy 76 78 80 USA Luxembourg Japan Switzerland Iceland Greece Malta Australia UK Norway Sweden For 32 Countries with GDP/Head Above $10,000 GEOG 303 Lecture Prof N. Ross 35 40 45 50 55 5 1 1 5 2 2 5 3 Average Lif GDP per Head based on Purchasing Power Parity ($US) 68 70 72 74 10000 15000 20000 25000 30000 r = 0.51 United Arab Emirates Bahrain Saudi Arabia Korea Portugal Denmark Ireland From Lynch et al. (2001) From Lynch et al. (2001) • It’s about our appraisal of place in the social order - the psychosocial hypothesis . • Involves cognitive processes of social comparison • social position affords an increased ‘host defence’ (Whit h ll How Can Inequality be Related to Mortality? (Whitehall) • hassles and frustrations of daily living more likely to become pathological when assessed against others’ more enviable situations • poverty feels worse in areas where others around you have more 3 Wilkinson There is . . . No shortage of evidence of GEOG 303 Lecture Prof N. Ross the centrality of the sense of social status, feelings of inferiority, and relative deprivation in human social life (1994, pg. 72) • It’s about exposure to the material conditions within jurisdictions: the neo-material hypothesis . • It’s about the stuff available to people in places • Systematic underinvestment in human capital ¡ How Can Inequality be Related to Mortality?...
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This note was uploaded on 03/10/2012 for the course GEOG 303 taught by Professor Nancyross during the Winter '12 term at McGill.

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Health Geo, lectures 11 and 12 - 1 Income Inequality as a...

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