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Int. Relations Review - commitment • Small US force being...

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Why was the 1967? Iraq war Iraq-Iran- Saddam lead Iraq to attack Iran (1980-1988) Iraq was in a bad economic condition after war Kuwait was supposedly cutting oil, making the oil price rise So Iraq invaded Kuwait, starting the Persian Gulf War Peace keeping- keeping a peace that has already happened Often after civil war, when the sides have reached an agreement Peace-making- the use of force to create peace Persian Gulf War- US allies go in to forcible remove Iraq from Kuwait Preemptive- when the other side has a first strike advantage, stop it. Preventive- prevent a long term power growth Costly signals- actions states take to build their credibility Wouldn’t normally take it if they weren’t ready to fight But other state may think that it is a bluff One action (costly signal) a state can make is by mobilizing troops Another example of a costly signal is an audience cost Example of tying hands- strategy or technique you can use to create a credible
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Unformatted text preview: commitment • Small US force being placed in Berlin (Berlin Brigade) – US tied hands because their troops were in Berlin and if Soviets attacked they would need to send more Slippery slope- Brinksmanship- hope that the other side will blink Ad Hawk- Wag the Dog- a leader in domestic trouble will start a conflict to start a rally effect Stag Effect- the patriotism a country gets weather or not an actor purposely created it. Allies lead to a larger bargaining range, making war less unlikely, • The bargaining range moves closer to the allies • IF it is an ironclad commitment, then B has more incentive to challenge, making war more likely, causing “entrapment” Collective action- • Everyone would benefit from compromise, but some actors want to free ride on the benefits • Conflict between general interest and national interest: tariffs; nation as a whole may not want one, but steel industry might...
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