lecture 10 notes - Nicole Katzman October 3 2011 Lecture 10...

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Nicole Katzman October 3, 2011 Lecture 10 Notes War And Peace International Institutions and War: Alliances The Puzzle Where are the police in international politics? Or, how do international institutions affect the prospects for peace and war? Inconsistent International Reactions to the Use of Force There is variation in the degree to which the international community responds to acts of aggression North Korean invasion of South Korea in June 1950 led to a UN authorization and US-led war Chinese invasion of Tibet in October 1950 got no response from UN Anarchy The international system is characterized by anarchy: There is no political authority higher than the state. States are dependent upon self-help. There are no “police.” But states do build institutions. Alliances Alliances are institutions that facilitate military cooperation. They do this by: Setting standards of behavior On military and WMD Provisions for monitoring compliance Procedures for joint decision making How to act in future complications- Codify bargains that settle distributional issues Types of Alliances Offensive alliances Members pledge to join one another to attack a third state Agreement between Germany and Soviet Union in 1939 to dismember Poland, the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact “Coalition of the willing” in Iraq in 2003
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Polish alliance led Britain and France to respond immediately to Hitler’s invasion of Poland in September 1939 Types of Alliances Defensive alliances Members pledge to come to one another’s defense in the event that one is attacked Alliance between France and Poland since 1920s, Britain since 1939 North Atlantic Treaty Organization, NATO May be open-ended or directed just at specific countries A country can protect another no matter who attacks, or solely if only specific ones do Symmetric alliances: members have similar responsibilities, approximately equal contributions Asymmetric alliances: one of the members much more powerful than the others US-South Korea Historically there are more asymmetric alliances Why Form Alliances?
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