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Notes on Lecture 4 - Nicole Katzman Notes on Lecture 4...

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Nicole Katzman Notes on Lecture 4 September 15, 2011 Understanding Interests, Interactions and Institutions Conflict and Cooperation Conflict and cooperation vary World order is a function not only of circumstance but also of choice. Understanding why countries make the choices they do can help us understand patterns of conflict and cooperation The Iran-Iraq War, 1980-1988 Background Long-standing dispute over control of waterway on the border. Iran weakened by the 1979 Revolution. Seemed like an opportunity for Hussein to try take over Iraq launches surprise attack. U.S. supported Iraq. Ask why we sided with Iraq ? The Persian Gulf War, 1990-1991 Iraq deeply indebted after Iran-Iraq war Price of oil declining due to Kuwait’s “excess” pumping. Iraq’s economy is dependent on oil Invades Kuwait (huge oil production) Kuwait was pumping more oil than they should have, pushing the price of oil down, known as excess pumping U.S. leads a coalition of 34 countries to restore sovereignty to Kuwait. Drove Iraqi soldiers out easily Victory declared after 100 hours. Casualties: U.S. 382, other coalition 87, Iraqi est. 22,000 - 200,000. Aftermath of Persian Gulf War United States decided to not put Saddam Hussein out of power U.N. Security Council prohibits WMD in Iraq (weapons of mass destruction) after seeing how dangerous Hussein is Throughout 1990s, U.N. inspectors and Iraq play “hide and seek.” Inspectors would believe WMD were being built at a sight but when they went to go look it would be cleaned up U.N. also imposes sanctions designed to topple Saddam Hussein. Imposes bad economic situations Significant costs to population.
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The Iraq War, 2003-present Much stronger appeals to remove Hussein from power. Renewed after 9/11. First major preventive war. A war were you see a country being threatening, and in order to keep that country from growing, you invade it to prevent more threats After being rebuffed at the U.N., the U.S. leads a “coalition of the willing” to overthrow Hussein. Casualties U.S. over 4,155 killed, 30,569 wounded; Other coalition over 314; Iraqi est. 105,000 - 1.2m killed. What is a Theory? Theory: A set of explicit premises (assumptions) accepted as “given” for purposes of explanation. Propositions logically derived from assumptions linking cause (independent variable) to effect (dependent variable). Hypotheses : propositions with observable implications that we attempt to refute. The Three “I’s” All theories of politics include assumptions about interests, interactions, and institutions.
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