Outline of Chapter 1

Outline of Chapter 1 - Nicole Katzman Chapter One Outline...

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Nicole Katzman Chapter One Outline I. What Shaped Our World? A. The Emergence of International Relations: The Mercantilist Era The world emerged as a political and economic unit after 1500 Major societies existed in practical or complete isolation from all but immediate borders. First Spain and Portugal, then England, France, and the Netherlands sent soldiers and trade all over the world in 1492 In 1700 the world was controlled by Western powers Europeans used their military power and their power as the world center of economic activity to gain more power US, Japan, Soviet Union, and eventually China would rise militarily and economically in the 20 th century European governments were absolute monarchies, who wanted: o Ensure their own political and military power o Control over greater territories and resources o Thriving commercial classes o Rich natural treasures from abroad—precious metals, spices, crops Mercantilism- an economic doctrine based on a belief that military power and economic influence were complements o Applied especially to colonial empires in the 16 th – 18 th centuries o Mercantilist policies favored the mother country over its colonies and over its competitors. o Example: Spanish crown’s control over it’s colonies gold and silver mines o Control on trade- turn them against colonies and for mother country o Farmers could only sell tobacco to England and they obtained protection from the powerful empire o International political and international economic interests were closely intertwined in mercantilist powers As European countries got more powerful and more land they began to fight Spain and Portuguese fought for predominance in New World Britain defeated Spain in the Spanish Armada in 1588 Spanish possessions in the Netherlands revolted and formed a New Dutch Republic In the 30 Years War (1618-1648) the French, Dutch, and other Allies sealed the decline of Spain—ended with the Peace of Westphalia Peace of Westphalia- often said to have created the modern state system because it included a general recognition of the principles of sovereignty and non-intervention. Sovereignty- the expectation that states have legal and political supremacy—or ultimate authority—within their territorial boundaries
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Seven Years War (1756-1763) also called the French and Indian War, ended the French prominence in the New World and gave Britain dominance. Hegemony- the predominance of one nation-state over others B. Pax Britannica Instead of imposing strict restraints on the movement of goods and money around the world, most governments welcomed economic links Global integration lead to growth in global economy Start of the 100 Year’s Peace (1815-1914) Powerful nations cares about security but it became a lot less volatiles There was a common interest of the European rulers due to the fear of revolution o Holy Alliance- Prussia, Russia, and Australia
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This note was uploaded on 03/15/2012 for the course POLI SCI 103 taught by Professor Pevehouse during the Fall '08 term at Wisconsin.

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Outline of Chapter 1 - Nicole Katzman Chapter One Outline...

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