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Unformatted text preview: Exam One Psychology Test • What is Psychology? o The science of behavior and mental processes. - Sdorow o Behavioral psychology is the science of pulling habits out of rats. - Dr. Douglas Busch o The science of mental life - William James o Psychology is a set of questions • Structuralism Analysis of the basic elements that constitute the mind o Wilhelm Wundt Father of modern psychology Established first psychology lab – 1879 Interested in how we organize the mind, the structures, the pieces science was interested in finding “parts” • EXAMPLE: periodic table and cell parts o Introspection → reflecting on one’s own experience to try and understand parts of the brain (sound and vision) Problem with consistency o Consciousness → a person’s subjective experience of the world and mind o Titchener made a list of more than 44,000 elemental qualities of conscious experiences • Functionalism The study of the purpose mental processes serve in enabling people to adapt to their environment. o William James Coined the term “stream of consciousness” First American psychologist - Harvard University Inspired by Natural Selection and Charles Darwin o Function, not structure But used introspection too and consciousness • Behaviorism Objectively observable behavior, involves the study of actions that can be observed and measured o Behaviorists thought introspection was faulty o Ivan Pavlov “Stimulus-Response Psychology” Stimulus- sensory input from environment TONE Response- action or physiological change elicited by a stimulus SALVATION o John Watson First focused on what people do, rather than what they experience “Little Albert” Believed any behavior can be shaped and could raise any child to be a lawyer or thief, become an advertiser. o B.F. Skinner “Conditioning Chamber”, or “Skinner Box” with a mouse inside and a lever than released food Rewards and punishment Reinforcement the consequences of behavior determine weather it will be more or less likely to happen again o Bandura- Social Learning Theory People learn through observing others’ behavior, attitudes, and outcomes of those behaviors o Behaviorism ignored: 1. Mental Processes → how do children learn languages (Wundt and James) 2. Evolutionary History of organism being studied → why can rats associate some things better? o EXAMPLE: mom believes son is a good student because she uses affection and praise to stimulate learning • Psychoanalysis Approach that emphasizes the importance of unconscious mental processes in shaping feelings, thoughts, and behavior o Sigmund Freud o Mind as an iceberg o Conflict between biological instincts and societal rules o Stages of development and the role of early experience o Unconscious- part of the mind that operates outside conscious awareness but influences conscious thoughts, feelings, and actions....
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This note was uploaded on 03/15/2012 for the course PSYCH 202 taught by Professor Roberts during the Spring '06 term at Wisconsin.
- Spring '06