Chapter 2 Outline - Nicole Katzman Chapter Two Outline...

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Nicole Katzman Chapter Two Outline International Relations September 12, 2011 Understanding Interests, Interactions, and Institutions A. Interests: What Do Actors Want from Politics? Interests- What actors want to achieve through political action; their preferences over the outcomes that might result from their political choices. o Example: protection- a state would have interest in suppressing potential enemies and protecting friends whose security is linked to their own. Interests are preferences of actors over the possible outcomes that might result from their political choices. Interests determine how actors rank the desirability of different outcomes o Actor interested in money = prefers outcome with more money o Actor interested in security = prefers outcome that strengthens it and weakens its adversaries over outcome with opposite effect Analysts identify interest 1) Power or Security- all actors are understood to require a degree of personal or collective security or to gain power and dominate others because of human nature or survival 2) Economic or Material Welfare - political actors are presumed to desire a higher standard of living or quality of life Greater income, more consumable goods and service, more leisure time 3) Ideological Goals - Moral or religious goals, including democracy, human equality, the glory of a god, etc. 4) Increased National Trade 5) Protecting the Environment All are somewhat connected The three sets of general interests divides into realism, liberalism, and constructivism. B. Actors and Interests Actors- the basic unit for the analysis of international politics; can be individuals or groups of people with common interests o States- United States and Iraq o Governments- Bush administration and regime of Hussein o Groups- Sunni and Shiite religious groups o International organizations- United Nations Security Council o Individuals- President Bush and Saddam Hussein
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State- a central authority with the ability to make and enforce laws, rules, and decisions within a specified territory. o Has prominence in international relations o A breakdown of central authority is called a failed state Sovereignty- the expectation that states have legal and political supremacy—or ultimate authority—within their territorial boundaries o This says that states have control over their own policies and political processes, such as domestic order and provision of government o Sovereignty of a state is presumed, but not always expects When discussing states as actors, scholars sometimes assume… o National interests: interests attributed to the state itself, usually security and power. The state has an interest in security - safety from internal and external threats, and power ensures safety. o
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Chapter 2 Outline - Nicole Katzman Chapter Two Outline...

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