Poli Sci Class Notes

Poli Sci Class Notes - Class Notes-February 28 th Agenda:...

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Unformatted text preview: Class Notes-February 28 th Agenda: Causes of War Why study war? Types of War Territorial Conflicts Economic Conflicts Causes of War Why study war? Prevention Ax to grind Victors get to write history! Ex: WW1, Germany caused WW1 so therefore they had to pay reparations, etc. Sexy Inglorious Bastards, Braveheart, Top Gun, Saving Private Ryansells in popular culture today Honoring the people that fight and protect the homelandalso serves to recruit Defining War Sustained, organized violence between 2 internationally recognized groups Why not study peace? War & peace are more than opposites. They have so much in common that neither can be understood w/o the other. Geoffrey Blainey, Causes of War Conceptualizing War Clausewitz: War is diplomacy by other means Consistent with our idea of leverage Ex: Iran-trying to either get it to reveal or give up its nuclear program, but Iran is trying to figure out how they can keep the program without getting attacked Keegan: War is sui generis Clausewitz wrote about war as he wanted it to be Keegan was critical about Clausewitz Problems in Studying War 1) Dogs that dont bark Events that dont happen, that should have happened Equally important to study these times that got really close, but then didnt actually happen the important wars could be the ones that do not happen Cuban-American Missile War India-Pakistan Atomic War (1999) Pakistan deployed launch codes for their nuclear weapons World War III The Franco-British War of 1898 Fashoda (1898)Last major colonial crisis between France and Britainmaybe World War I wouldnt have happened, because after fighting here they wouldnt have wanted to fight Germany Problems Studying War 2) War is a low-probability event probability that war breaks out in a given year between any 2 geographically contiguous states between 1816-1980: 0.00009 P.S. is a social science, not a science, so you cant exactly test these Putting the science in political science The quantitative study of war Charles Dodgson Studied voting behavior and human conflict Wrote Alice in Wonderland Lewis Richardson Drove an ambulance Problems in the Study of War 3) No easy explanations! Ex. Language Theorywars break out because people dont speak the same language Esperanto Volapuk Ex. Ethnic conflict They have always hated each other But doesnt explain the periods of time when they didnt fight Ex. Democratic Peace Wars & Levels of Analysis Individual (1 st ) State/Society (2 nd ) System/Interstate/Global (3 rd ) We will largely focus on 2 nd and 3 rd Political Scientists most often will focus on 2 and 3 because they dont like to pin...
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This note was uploaded on 03/14/2012 for the course POLI SCI 103 taught by Professor Pevehouse during the Spring '08 term at Wisconsin.

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Poli Sci Class Notes - Class Notes-February 28 th Agenda:...

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