Reading Notes - Notes on pages 3-19 Sydney Hershman...

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Unformatted text preview: Notes on pages 3-19 Sydney Hershman International Relations Relationships among the worlds governments 3 principles Dominance-establishes a power hierarchy in which those at the top control those below. Man wears the pants in the relationship- go to operas Advantages: Order, stability, predictability Drawbacks: Oppression, resentment Reciprocity-rewards behavior that contributes to the group and punishing behavior that pursues self-interest at the expense of the group. One night go to boxing match (womans choice) and next night go to opera (mans choice) Advantages: Incentives for Mutual Cooperation Drawbacks: Downward Spirals, complex accounting Identity-members of an identity community care about the interests of others in that community enough to sacrifice their own interest to benefit others. Just spending time together should be enough. Advantages: Sacrifice for Group, Redefine interests Drawbacks: Demonizing an out-group Globalization 2 hallmarks Expanding communications technology Integrated market Collective Goods Problem The problem of how to provide something that benefits all members of a group regardless of what each member contributes to it. In general, easier to provide in small groups than large ones Subfields of IR International security- questions of war and peace International political economy (IPE)- trade and financial relations among nations State A territorial entity controlled by a government and inhabited by a population. International system The set of relationships among the worlds states, structured according to certain rules and patterns of interaction. Intergovernmental organizations (IGOs) Organizations whose members are national governments. Nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) Private organizations Levels of Analysis Individual- the perceptions, choices, and actions of individual human beings. Domestic- the aggregations of individuals within states that influence state actions in the international arena Interstate- the influence of the international system upon outcomes. Global- seeks to explain international outcomes in terms of global trends and forces that transcend the interactions of states themselves. Notes on pages 19-29 Sydney Hershman Globalization Encompasses many trends, including: expanded international trade, telecommunications, monetary coordination, multinational corporations, technical and scientific corporations, cultural exchanges of new types and scales, migration and refugee flows, and relations between the worlds rich and poor countries Definition: the widening, deepening, and speeding up of worldwide interconnectedness in all aspects of contemporary social life...
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Reading Notes - Notes on pages 3-19 Sydney Hershman...

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