Chapter 12 – Social Psychology

Chapter 12 – Social Psychology - Joel Diaz...

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Unformatted text preview: Joel Diaz Chapter 12 Social Psychology I. What is Social Psychology?- Social psychology branch of psychology that studies how people think, feel, and behave in social situations- Social cognition the mental processes people use to make sense of their social environment.- Social influence the effects of situational factors and other people on an individuals behavior. II. Person Perception- The mental processes we use to form judgments and draw conclusions about the characteristics and motives of other people.- Principle 1 Your reactions to others are determined by your perceptions of them, not by who or what they really are- Principle 2 Your goals in a particular situation determine the amount and kinds of info you collect about others.- Principle 3 In every situation, you evaluate people partly in terms of how you expect them to act in that situation o Social norms the rules, or expectations, for appropriate behavior in a particular social situation.- Principle 4 Your self-perception also influences how you perceive others and how you act on your perceptions. A. Social Categorization o The mental process of categorizing people into groups (or social categories) on the basis of their shared characteristics. o Much of this mental work is automatic and spontaneous, and it often occurs outside your conscious awareness. o Regulating someone to a social category on the basis of superficial info ignores that persons unique qualities. o Relying on social categories is a natural, adaptive cognitive process. o Provides us with considerable basic info about other people. o Allows us to mentally organize and remember info about others more efficiently and effectively. B. Implicit personality theories o A network of assumptions or beliefs about the relationships among various types of people, traits, and behaviors. o We form cognitive schemas about the traits and behaviors associated with different types of people. o When we perceive someone to be a particular type, we often assume that the person will display those traits and behaviors. o Simplifies info processing about other people and provide a mental framework that helps us organize observations, memories, and beliefs about people. III. Attribution- The mental process of inferring the causes of peoples behaviors, including ones own.- The attributions you make have a strong influence on your thoughts and feelings about other people.- Fundamental attribution error the tendency to attribute the behavior of others to internal, personal characteristics, while ignoring or underestimating the effects of external, situational factors.- Blaming the victim The tendency to blame an innocent victim of misfortune for having somehow caused the problem or for not having taken steps to avoid or prevent it....
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Chapter 12 – Social Psychology - Joel Diaz...

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