Midterm Term and Concept Sheet

Midterm Term and Concept Sheet - Midterm Term and Concept...

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Midterm Term and Concept Sheet Culture o Comes from “cultra” to cultivate o How we behave towards our physical environment o Traditions and identities across time Society o A community that is connected linguistically, politically and economically o Share basic economic and political institutions Kogwayay Togetherness (collective nature), to talk (pleasant dialogues shared), to cheer (unite human spiritual energy) Term that represents the Gebusi’s concept of culture o Customs that make them different as people Sister exchange When a woman marries into a clan, a “sister” of the husband should marry a “brother” of the bride o Neither patriclan “loses” a woman without gaining one back Sister-exchange is preferred “if possible” Martial balance Members have to marry outside the clan Reciprocity o Doing something with the hopes of getting something in return o Martial compensation o Direct person-to-person form of reciprocity Patriclan o Clan membership is passed down through male line o Average 18 persons in size
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o All members of a named patriclan call one another “brother,” “sister,” “father,” “father’s sister,” “grandparent” Patrilineage o Members can trace an actual linkage to one another via male descent o Represent very tight and very small atoms of kinship defined through male descent o Members live together in the same settlement Sorcery o Witchcraft and the idea that people die as a result of other people Adameni In-betweener society o Sedentary or settled in villages, but life-style is mobile, even semi-nomadic, moving around in the forest o Horticulturalists, raising crops in cleared gardens but also hunters and foragers o Raise pigs but these are semi-domesticated Fieldwork o Going to a society and gathering information Participant observation o Primary research o Participating in the society while observing their ways of life Reflexivity o Being self-reflective Natives o Indigenous people “The Native’s Point of View” o Emic perspective
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Native Collaborators o Natives who help anthropologists with their field work Native anthropology Emic o Insider’s perspective Etic o Outsider’s perspective Ethnocentrism o The assumption that one’s own group’s lifestyle, values and patterns of adaptation are superior to all others Cultural relativism o The principle that all cultural systems are inherently equal in value and therefore, that each cultural item must be understood on its own terms o Dangerous because it could justify inhumanity Cultural miscommunication o Cultures can be misunderstood Thick description o Describing the subtle meanings in a culture
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This note was uploaded on 03/14/2012 for the course ANT 104 taught by Professor George during the Fall '09 term at University of Wisconsin.

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Midterm Term and Concept Sheet - Midterm Term and Concept...

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