Chapter 14 – Psychological Disorders

Chapter 14 – Psychological Disorders - Joel...

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Joel Diaz Chapter 14 – Psychological Disorders I. Understanding Psychological Disorders (Psychopathology) - Psychopathology – the scientific study of the origins, symptoms, and development of psychological disorders A. A brief history of abnormality B. What is a psychological disorder (abnormal)? (Criteria of abnormal behavior —subjectivity and relativity) o Psychological or mental disorder – a pattern of behavioral and psychological symptoms that causes significant personal distress, impairs the ability to function in one or more important areas of daily life, or both. o DSM-IV-TR – Diagnostics and Statistical Manual of Mental Distress 1. Subjective discomfort (personal distress) 2. Inability to function normally 3. Social norm deviance C. The prevalence of psychological disorders II. Models (Theories) of Abnormality A. The biological model (medical model) 1. Description of the medical model and the DSM-IV-TR 2. Medical model and DSM-IV-TR controversy
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B. The psychological models 1. Psychoanalysis 2. Behaviorism 3. Cognitive perspective 4. Humanism C. An eclectic approach III. The Disorders of the DSM-IV-TR (pg. 578) A. Anxiety disorders: intense apprehension and worry o Anxiety – an unpleasant emotional state characterized by physical arousal and feelings of tension, apprehension, and worry. o Anxiety disorder – a category of psychological disorders in which extreme anxiety is the main diagnostic feature and causes significant disruptions in the person’s cognitive, behavioral, or interpersonal functioning 1. Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) An anxiety disorder characterized by excessive, global, and persistent symptoms of anxiety (free-floating anxiety) When one source of worry is removed, another quickly moves in to its place 2. Panic attacks and panic disorders Panic attack – a sudden episode of extreme anxiety that rapidly escalates in intensity Pounding heart, rapid breathing, breathlessness, and a chocking sensation. May also sweat, tremble, and experience lightheadedness, chills, or hot flashes. Feelings of terror and the belief that one is about to die, go crazy, or completely lose control. Panic disorder – an anxiety disorder in which the person experiences frequent and unexpected panic attacks. a. Explaining panic disorder Unusually sensitive to the signs of physical arousal. Cognitive-behavioral theory of panic disorder – people with panic disorder tend to misinterpret the physical signs of arousal as catastrophic and dangerous. 3. The phobias
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Phobia – a strong or irrational fear of something, usually a specific object or situation, that does not necessarily interfere with the ability to function in daily life.
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This note was uploaded on 03/19/2012 for the course PSY PSY2012 taught by Professor Debbie during the Fall '10 term at Florida State College.

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Chapter 14 – Psychological Disorders - Joel...

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