psychologych1outline

psychologych1outline - Joel Diaz 09-02-09 I. What is...

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Joel Diaz 09-02-09 I. What is Psychology - What is the nature of human/animal nature? - How and why we think (cognition), act (behavior), and feel (emotion) the way we do. A. Science (psychology) and common sense 1. Advantages of Science (research): - Objective. (Nonbiased) - Intolerance of error (bias) - Facts and data - It’s precise, clear, detailed. - It’s more accurate - Replication - Self-correcting - It’s rational - It refutes/ confirms common sense 2. Disadvantages of Common sense (Personal experience): - Biased (Subjective) - Emotional B. Definition pg. 3 - Scientific study of behavioral and mental processes. - Psychology is science, not common sense. C. Psychology’s goals (DEPCA) pg.16
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1. Describe - Statements about behavior and conditions under which it occurs. (What behavior is) 2. Explain - Understand behaviors and why they occur - Reasons are given for the behavior - cause and effect statements 3. Predict - Foretell behaviors - Future tense - Hypothesis testing - Test of theory 4. Control - Modify behaviors - Change undesirable behaviors to desirable. - Good test of theory - Make something happen or not happen, etc. 5. Apply II. The Origins of Psychology A. The influence of philosophy and physiology - Aristotle wrote about topics like sleep, dreams, the sense, and memory.
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- Rene Descartes proposed a doctrine called interactive dualism, which is the idea that mind and body were separate entities that interact to produce sensations, emotions, and other conscious experiences. - Nature vs nurture (heredity vs environment) – what is more important: the nature of the individual or the environmental influences that nurture the individual. - Physiology – the study of the functions and parts of living organisms. - The early scientific discoveries made by physiologist established an idea that scientific methods could be applied to issues of human behavior and thinking. B. “Schools” or perspectives of psychology 1. Wilhelm Wundt: The Founder of Psychology - German Physiologist who used scientific methods to study fundamental psychological processes.
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This note was uploaded on 03/19/2012 for the course PSY PSY2012 taught by Professor Debbie during the Fall '10 term at Florida State College.

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psychologych1outline - Joel Diaz 09-02-09 I. What is...

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