Paper #2 - Michelle Riesenfeld TA: Kevin Mattison Section...

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Michelle Riesenfeld TA: Kevin Mattison Section 301 Throughout the history of Judaism, many different sectarian groups have observed the religion in varying ways. While a plethora of similarities exist among the Jewish groups in regard to the version of Judaism that they choose to assume, differences are also apparent, as distinctive Jewish groups have embraced different forms textual traditions and religious practices. The Jews of Qumran and the Tannaim are examples of two religious groups that were present at different time periods, yet still maintained a lifestyle that corresponded with traditional Jewish elements. The Jews of Qumran were a sectarian group that lived in the region of Qumran, which was settled around 150 BCE at the beginning of the Hasmonean dynasty. It is believed that the inhabitants of the community of Qumran were the writers of the Dead Sea scrolls, a collection of fragmentary documents found in Qumran in 1947 (Satlow p.108). “The Dead Sea Scrolls record an inspired interpretation: the biblical text x means y because God revealed this meaning directly to the interpreter,” (Satlow p.126). From these writings, it is clear that this group segregated themselves from the Jews of Jerusalem. The clash of Torah and Temple is one significant dispute that appears in these writings, in which the authors of the scrolls are adamant about the fact that the practices of the Jerusalem Temple are incorrect. By removing their ties with the Temple, the Qumran Sect started to develop their own set of beliefs, practices and communal organization. It is claimed that the priests of Jerusalem did not maintain the proper laws of purity, as they did not sacrifice correctly. “To offer an impure and improper sacrifice was to offer no sacrifice at all and thus to risk divine wrath,” (Satlow p.109). Aside from
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This note was uploaded on 03/14/2012 for the course HEBRST 211 taught by Professor Jordan during the Fall '11 term at Wisconsin.

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Paper #2 - Michelle Riesenfeld TA: Kevin Mattison Section...

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