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Midterm Study Guide - Midterm Study Guide for"Introduction...

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Midterm Study Guide for “Introduction to Judaism” (211) Terms Canon: the process by which a text becomes authoritative for a community is known as canonization and it is most likely that the Torah was composed from sources that were themselves canonical. Pittsburgh Platform: 8 things separating Attempted to Americanize the ideas of the European reformers The American Reform Movement in 1885 The Declaration of Independence for Jewish people Most basic Reform Jews wrote it, foundation of reform Judaism Specifics we consider ourselves no longer a nation, Zionist would say we need a jewish state of Israel. Do not expect a jewish state in Palestine Don’t follow, reject that don’t give spiritual reasoning, laws that help you live a better life enforce, ones that don’t make sense ignore: dietary sounds like personal choice, other paragraph, for different age, their not laws it has nothing to do with now Zionism: Secular European notion of state nationalism Aliot the pilgrammage to Israel, creating small communities in Israel State nationlism Jewish state of Israel central importance, mention promised land— Satlow talks about one jews religious beliefs might make them not be able to serve in military bc oppose something, religious imperative must do this. State of Israel to important need to conquer west bank so important need to conquer, restore whole state, escatology at end of days going to be a state of zion, people not Zionist IN PITTSBURG PLATFORM abonded idea of state of Israel as being zion not as political geographical concept “Safe Treyf”: Chinese food-not as unkosher as something else Sophisticated and modern/urban
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No dairy, meat is minced together The Kosher Duck Scandal of 1989 kosher restaurant in dc, big love for duck, in kosher restaurants too, there were kosher ducks available..? Someone was passing up non-kosher ducks as kosher Tanakh: Hebrew bible Three sections Torah, Neviim, and ketuvim Torah: teaching Neviim: prophets Ketuvim: writings Torah/Pentateuch Divine origin—god gave torah to Jewish people -Five major sources— documentary hypoethsis : multiple authors of torah, reason for it is attempt to explain contradictions and inconsistencies in the torah. many different poepole wrote the torah— human origin J-Yahwist (YHWH, name for god) E-Elohist (Elohim, name for god) P-Priestly source D-Deuteronomic source H-holiness code (lev 17-26) Authors Septuagint: Greek translation of Hebrew bible Bar Kokhba Revolt: After 2tp Stood up to Romans 132-135 Led a revolt against Rome Romans built a statue of one of their gods where temple was destroyed
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Desecrating place of temple Oral Torah not the torah always changing with time Everything not included in torah can be included in the oral torah Modern concepts Written Torah THE Torah Hebrew bible Leaves many questions unanswered Mishnah edited ca. 200 CE
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