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Unformatted text preview: History of Rock Music - Lecture 7 SAN FRANCISCO & PSYCHEDELIA One particular element I enjoyed was the breaking of shackles-the intellectual shackles represented by the mentality of the 50's, sexual shackles that had been in place forever ... anything proscribed by the establishment everything from Chairman Mao to drugs to acupuncture to Eldridge Cleaver-was looked into with relish. Paul Kantner, of the Jefferson Airplane Also known variously as "acid rock" or the "San Francisco Sound," psychedelic music ostensibly intended to musically re-create the "trips" induced by mind-expanding drugs. Many psychedelic bands, such as the Grateful Dead and Jefferson Airplane came out of San Francisco and its Haight-Ashbury district, the early center of hippie activity; concurrently, Britain produced Pink Floyd. Their music made use of electronic effects, extended forms and popular exotica like Middle Eastern modalities and Indian raga, and introduced extended improvisation into rock, often with musically dubious results but occasionally, as in the Grateful Dead's "Dark Star," with enough sustained invention and group interplay to stake a legitimate claim to the rock band as jazz ensemble. 1. DARK STAR by The Grateful Dead This brand of psychedelia had some roots in the more adventurous forms of mid-Sixties American garage punk collated on albums like Nuggets , e.g. "It's a Happening" by the Magic Mushrooms or "Incense and Peppermints" by Strawberry Alarm Clock-both more poppish and naive than later psychedelia, but ultimately no more naive and outdated than most psychedelia soon became. Nevertheless, all music that refers to drugs is not necessarily psychedelic, and all psychedelic music does not necessarily refer-explicitly to drugs. Though psychedelia has become quaint and nostalgic, many of its innovations persisted through subsequent genres like progressive rock and some forms of fusion. Monterey Pop Festival Planned by promoter Lou Adler, producer Alan Pariser, publicist Derek Taylor (of the Beatles) and John Phllips of The Mamas and the Papas in 1967, The Monterey Pop Festival was the first extensively promoted rock music festival. It lasted for three days (June 16-18) and was attended by approximately 200,000 people. The festival is largely known for hosting the first major American appearances by The Who and Jimi Hendrix, and the first major public performances of Janis Joplin and Otis Redding. 2. Monterey Festival Promo with California Dreamin by the Mamas and the Papas Haight-Ashbury and the Summer of Love Haight Ashbury is a district of San Francisco, commonly known as The Haight, named for the intersection of Haight and Ashbury streets. The Haight is associated to the hippie movement of the mid-late 1960s. The Summer of Love pertains to the summer of 1967, when up to 100,000 young people gathered on the Haight-Ashbury area, proclaiming a cultural, ideological and political rebellion. While hippies were active in various cities throughout the United States, San Francisco became the center of the hippie movement. in various cities throughout the United States, San Francisco became the center of the hippie movement....
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- Fall '11