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Module 8 - History of Rock Music Lecture 8 Lecture 8"GUITAR...

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History of Rock Music - Lecture 8 Lecture 8 “GUITAR KINGS” Jimi Hendrix’s Fender Stratocaster Gibson Les Paul I copied most of my runs from B. B. [King] or Albert King or Freddie King. There's no reason why they [other guitarists] should listen to me when they can listen to the masters, you know, the source. Eric Clapton, in an interview with journalist Fred Stucky Lots of young people now feel they're not getting a fair deal, so they revert to something loud or harsh, almost verging on violence .... It's more than music. It's like a church, like a foundation for the lost or potentially lost. Jimi Hendrix, as quoted in Hopkins's The Jimi Hendrix Story Swinging London in the mid-sixties was a creative epicenter for the rock music explosion. Future legends like the Beatles, the Stones, and the Who patronized the many local clubs in a never-ending party and musical quest. In 1966 two London-based guitarists and their newly formed trios emerged from the scene with an innovative musical blend-a guitar-centered style that fused elements of the blues with the culturally acquired conceptual distortion of the experimental sixties. Eric Clapton, a blues aficionado and former guitarist with the British R&B band the Yardbirds, formed the group Cream; Jimi Hendrix, an American without substantial success as a soul guitarist, was enticed to England to form the Jimi Hendrix Experience.
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For the first time in rock music's evolution, audiences were attracted primarily by an instrumentalist playing a series of improvised solos rather than by a group, singer, or repertoire of songs. The previous generations of classic rock and the early 1960s had their guitarists-Chuck Berry, Scotty Moore, Buddy Holly, Duane Eddy, and others-but at no time did the instrument or the instrumentalist achieve such monumental status as it did during the Guitar King era. Eric Clapton and Jimi Hendrix drew from a variety of sources to find early artistic and commercial success- Clapton initially as a blues revivalist and Hendrix as a soul and R&B session man-and each finally played solid-body guitars, the Gibson Les Paul (Clapton) and Fender Stratocaster (Hendrix) during their peak years. Eric Clapton was the first of the two to achieve commercial notoriety. Eric Clapton Born out of wedlock on March 30, 1945, in Ripley, England and raised by his grandparents in suburban London, Clapton grew up a self-confessed "nasty kid." In the Yardbirds, Cream, Derek and the Dominos and his own bands, guitarist Eric Clapton has continually rede¬fined his own version of the blues. He studied stained-glass design at Kingston Art School and started playing guitar at 17. He stayed with his first band, the early British R&B outfit the Roosters (which included Tom McGuinness, later of Manfred Mann and McGuinness Flint), from January to August 1963 and frequently jammed in London clubs with, among others, future members of the Rolling Stones. He joined the Yardbirds in late 1963 and stayed with them until March 1965, when they began to leave behind power blues for psychedelic pop.
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