Module 13

Module 13 - History of Rock Music - Lecture 13 LECTURE 13...

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Unformatted text preview: History of Rock Music - Lecture 13 LECTURE 13 1990s - part 1 The Berlin Wall November 1989 November 1989 marked an historic event of worldwide consequences. That month an ecstatic crowd climbed on the Berlin Wall and began tearing it down, marking the end of the Cold War. In 1991 the Soviet Union would collapse and two years later the European Union would be created. As a result, many countries converted to capitalism and most of the world also embraced democracy (with the exceptions of the Islamic world, China , Cuba and North Korea ). The USA had won the war, however, there were alarming signs of social problems; street gangs, racial riots, drugs. In 1989 Bush declared a "war" against hallucinogenic drugs (that was actually a war against the cartels of Colombian and other "drug lords"). By the end of 1999 the World Health Organization estimated that 16 million people in the world had died of AIDS (more than half the victims being under the age of 25). The internet has had a far-reaching impact on society. While the 1980s saw its commercialization and the first privately owned Service Providers the 1990s witnessed its expansion into popular use. Like all tools, digital technology and the internet are just means to an end, but these ends were not always wholesome. Computer "hackers" realized that the Internet made it possible to violate institutions such as banks and government agencies. The term "cyberpunk" had been coined in 1980 by Bruce Bethke in a tale that basically predicted the advent of digital terrorism, and then William Gibson's "Neuromancer" (1984) publicized the notion of human beings that can connect into computer networks. The "cyber" world was also becoming a substitute for the decline of the sense of community. For example, in 1985 the "Whole Earth Review", founded by Howard Rheingold in 1973 in Sausalito , established the "Whole Earth Lectronic Link" (or "WELL"). These were "sites" where people with similar interests could exchange ideas. The "usenet" on the Internet was divided in interest groups. And perhaps the first cyberspace for ordinary people was a game, "Dungeons & Dragons", introduced in 1980 by British student Roy Trubshaw, the first case of "MUD" ("multi-user dungeon"). The Music Over the decades, rock music has always been the soundtrack of alternative youth lifestyles. The lifestyle of the generation of the 1990s was basically a transitional one, torn between the anger and frustration of the 1980s and the cyberworld to come. Courtney Love (left) with her band Hole Perhaps the most dramatic change in lifestyle affected the girls. They were the daughters of the women who had fought for emancipation and equality in the 1960s. They were the children of the sexual revolution. Women were becoming less and less dependent on men, and less oriented towards a family-based future....
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This note was uploaded on 03/19/2012 for the course MUH 2022 taught by Professor Dr.tranquilino during the Fall '11 term at FIU.

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Module 13 - History of Rock Music - Lecture 13 LECTURE 13...

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