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psych test - Carly Geller Honors Psychology Seal Take Home...

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Carly Geller Honors Psychology Seal 9/22/10 Take Home Test 1. Greek philosophers contributed much information to our modern science of psychology. Greeks were the first to actually pose questions about human behavior and why we act the way that we do, this being the basis of the study of psychology. Philosophers like Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle studied and taught about human behavior. They claimed that people were made up of either phlegm, bile, or blood, which determined their personalities. Also, the Greeks said that the earth is made up of 4 elements-earth, wind, water, and fire. Last, the Greeks contributed the concept of locus of control. 2. Wundt established the first laboratory for studying human behavior or psychology. Using the scientific method, he experimented with the brain to find explanations for why humans behave the way we do. He is called the “Father of Modern Psychology” because he was the one who first thought to experiment and test scientifically in the field of psychology. 3. Structuralism is an explanation of why humans behave the way they do formed by E. B. Titchner. It is a concept that uses an analysis of the mind and that says that everything that humans do is made up of different parts. 4. Functionalism is another method of explaining why humans behave the way they do. It was discovered by James, and it studied how the mind works to allow humans adapt (or not adapt) to their environment.
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