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WWII essay - Carly Geller History Period 3 The experiences...

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Carly Geller History Period 3 5/9/10 The experiences of African Americans, Japanese Americans, and women varied in many aspects of society during World War II. For some minorities including women and African Americans, military and employment opportunities opened up; for others, like Japanese Americans, those opportunities were lost. African Americans and women encountered changes within the labor union. All three groups experienced changes in the way society viewed them. This was especially common in Japanese Americans whose social ranking heavily decreased during this time period. This was mainly because of the fear generated by the majority of Americans after the attack on Pearl Harbor by the Japanese. Lastly, it can be argued that out of women, African Americans and Japanese Americans, women had the highest social ranking. These changes in labor, legislation, and social ranking greatly impacted these minorities in diverse aspects. Both African Americans and women encountered more opportunities within the military system. Blacks were welcome to fight in the military; something unthinkable only a few years before. Around 700,000 African Americans risked their lives to serve in American military forces. Unfortunately, African Americans were only given minor duties, and the military still held onto their habit of racism. Women were also given opportunities to aid the military as well. Many of the jobs that women carried out in the military were those similar to the jobs of women in everyday life. 350,000 women enlisted in the military. Out of the 350,000, 100,000 were a part of the naval WAVES or “Women Accepted for Volunteer Emergency Service” and 140,000 were a part of the WACS or “Women’s Army Corps”. 75,000 women were nurses for the military and
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about 1,000 women served as WASPs or “Women’s Airforce Service Pilots”. These women did not encounter actual fighting, but they helped with the transportation of supplies and planes. Both black and women were responsible for fewer duties than white
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