Poli Sci Things to Know

Poli Sci Things to Know - Poli Sci Things to Know WORLD WAR...

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Poli Sci Things to Know WORLD WAR I Causes - cult of the offensive - exaggerated fears of the enemy - belief in bandwagoning - empires and colonies (Africa split up, jealousy) - cultural belief in war Lessons - global trade not that important - war isn’t so good, not inevitable - self-determination needed for stability - punishment is key to deterrence From the Chat - Marxism is an economic theory that attempts to explain the relation between capital and labor (the proletariat) in countries - so it is a domestic theory originally - It was applied to international relations during the Cold War, but was discredited as a theory that could explain the world after the collapse of the USSR - However, it is still used to understand the economic gap between the Global North and South - this is called dependency theory - Levels of Analysis: conceptual tool used by IR scholars to help explain phenomena - The levels of analysis are more like points of view - Each IR theory and theorist believes that certain levels are the most frutiful for analysis. Realist believe that only level 3 is really important for understanding IR - states are unitary actors and their domestic politics doesn't matter Level 1: Individual – usually great leaders (such as JF Kennedy) Level 2: State/society – includes nationalism, regime type, domestic economies, democratic peace Level 3: System – global trends (such as globalization, or changes in technology) but also North-South gap - However, liberal internationalists believe that level 2 - the state/society level - does matter - if you are a democracy, then you are less likely to fight other democracies - so states are not unitary actors - The Bretton Woods Institutions (BWI) are the World Bank, the IMF and the GATT (which became the WTO in 1995) -At this point in the class, you should know that the BWI were established at the end of
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Poli Sci Things to Know - Poli Sci Things to Know WORLD WAR...

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