Poli Sci 103 Midterm 1

Poli Sci 103 Midterm 1 - Poli Sci 103 Midterm Exam #1 Study...

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Poli Sci 103 Midterm Exam #1 Study Guide Chapter 1 International relations (IR) : the relationships among the world’s state governments and the connection of those relationships with other actors (such as the UN, multinational corporations, and individuals), with other social relationships (including economics, culture, and domestic policies), and with geographic and historical influences Collective goods problem : the problem of how to provide something that benefits all members of a group regardless of what each member contributes to it Dominance : solves the collective goods problem by establishing a power hierarchy in which those at the top control those below (Hegemon or superpower stands atop the great powers at the dominant nation) Reciprocity : solves the collective goods problem by rewarding behavior that contributes to the group and punishing behavior that pursues self-interest at the expense of the group; forms the basis of most of the norms and institutions in the international system Identity : does not rely on self-interest; members of an identity community care about the interest of others in that community enough to sacrifice their own interests to benefit others Issue areas : distinct spheres of international activity (such as global trade negotiations) within which policy makers of various states face conflicts and sometimes achieve cooperation Conflict and cooperation : the types of actions that states take toward each other through time International security : a subfield of international relations (IR) that focuses on questions of war and peace International political economy (IPE) : the study of the politics of trade, monetary, and other economic relations among nations, and their connection to other transnational forces State : a territorial entity controlled by a government and inhabited by a population International system : the set of relationships among the world’s states, structured according to certain rules and patterns of interaction Nation-states : states whose populations share a sense of national identity, usually including language and culture Gross Domestic Product (GDP) : states’ total annual economic activity
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Nonstate actors : actors other than state governments that operation either below the level of the state (that is, within states) or across state borders Intergovernmental organizations (IGOs) : organizations whose members are national governments (NATO, OPEC, etc.) Nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) : private organizations, some of considerable size and resources; have political, humanitarian, or economical purposes (Amnesty International, Lions Clubs, Red Cross) Individual level of analysis : concerns the perceptions, choices, and actions of individual human beings Domestic (state of societal) level of analysis : concerns the aggregations of individuals within states that influence state actions in the international arena Interstate (international or systematic) level of analysis
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This note was uploaded on 03/15/2012 for the course POLI SCI 103 taught by Professor Pevehouse during the Spring '08 term at Wisconsin.

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Poli Sci 103 Midterm 1 - Poli Sci 103 Midterm Exam #1 Study...

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