Poli Sci Lecture 1-31 - Poli Sci Lecture 20:26 “Syria...

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Unformatted text preview: Poli Sci Lecture 20:26 “Syria rebels gain foothold in Damascus” Uprising of Arab State, want to recede from authoritative gov’t Ruled by ethnic minority Majority Sunni Close ties with Lebanon and Hezbollah World War I Aka “the war to end all wars” First global war, created generations of leaders with very strident views on war Shifted European political landscape away from empires Gave the US an opening to European politics Causes of WWI Cult of the offensive (offense/defense balance) Stop invader or go on offensive? Prevailing belief was that offensive weapons were dominant Trench warfare Exaggerated fears of the enemy Belief in bandwagoning (ex. Domino theory) Jump on side that will win or balance against them? Empires/colonies: Africa was split up, jealousy over colonies Cultural beliefs of war “Lessons” of WWI Global trade: not that important War may not be so good after all… and wars are not inevitable Self-determination is key to stability War blamed on presence of empires Punishment is key to deterrence Versailles and the Paris Peace Conference League of Nations (early version of UN, rejected initially) Versailles Treaty Germany surrenders all colonies Alsace-Lorraine to France Occupation of Saar and Rhineland German reparations: 23.6 billion pounds (2008= $400 billion) Limitation on German armaments Acceptance of German guilt of the war Creation of League of Nations Interwar Period 1919-1939 World economic depression: debt problem (Germans needed to borrow money from Americans, French, and British and they made their money worth less and less so they could pay back the loans), competitive devaluations boosted trade but makes money worthless leads to inflation, and trade blocs (team of countries that trade with each other and no one else) League of Nations Failure on Japan=1933 Failure on Italy=1935 Rise of the Nazi party in Germany Prelude Events (Europe) March 1938: Germany seizes Austria September 1938: Munich conference Sudetenland March 1939: Germany seizes Czechoslovakia March 1939: Mussolini invades Albania August 1939: Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact Prelude Events (Asia) 1931: Japan invades Manchuria Sets up puppet government War begins with Chinese gov’t 1937: Japan steps up war against China Capture of Peking FDR calls for sanctions Later undertakes embargo of strategic goods The War 9/1/1939: Germany invades Poland 12/1939: Soviets invade Finland 6/1940: Fall of France 1/1941: US/GB have developed joint war 6/1941: Germany invades Soviet Union 12/7/41: Pearl Harbor 12/11/41: Germany declares war Spiral vs. Deterrence Model What is the proper defense policy in the face of a military challenge?What is the proper defense policy in the face of a military challenge?...
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This note was uploaded on 03/15/2012 for the course POLI SCI 103 taught by Professor Pevehouse during the Spring '08 term at University of Wisconsin.

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Poli Sci Lecture 1-31 - Poli Sci Lecture 20:26 “Syria...

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