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GEM%20Handbook - Business Essentials and Applied...

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GEM-1 Business Essentials and Applied Communication Handbook (BEACH) A Guide to Grammar and Essential Mechanics (GEM) Written by: Debbie McElroy, MBA, and Lori Brown, PhD. In order to succeed in the business world, professionals must be able to express ideas effectively. By following basic rules of grammar and mechanics, individuals can competently communicate with colleagues, superiors, and clients. Communicating correctly can mean the difference between individual success and individual failure. More importantly, communicating correctly can mean the difference between organizational success and organizational failure. This handbook contains 54 guidelines covering material on proper grammar and language usage. Following these guides will allow you to communicate clearly and correctly. Professional writers view grammar as the agreed-upon structure of a language, the way that individual words are formed and the manner in which those words are then combined to form meaningful sentences. Mechanics are style and formatting issues such as capitalization, word usage, spelling, and the use of numbers and symbols. This handbook can help you improve your knowledge and competency in these areas. How to Use the Grammar and Essential Mechanics Material Your instructor will start the semester by giving you an examination designed to establish your baseline proficiency of the material covered in this handbook. Once you have completed this exam, you will be able to evaluate your current skill level by reviewing the feedback form which accompanies the test. Based on your level of competency, you can use various materials which will be provided to you throughout the semester to improve your grammar and essential mechanics knowledge. Grammar and Essential Mechanics Guidelines Section 1: Sentences Sentences express ideas. You can recognize a complete sentence because it a) includes a subject, b) includes a verb, and c) makes sense. Sentences are a combination of clauses and phrases. Clauses contain a subject and a verb while phrases do not. Clauses are divided into two main groups – independent and dependent. An independent clause contains a subject and verb, and by itself makes sense. A dependent clause relies on an independent clause in order to draw its meaning. The combination of the clauses and phrases determines the type of sentence - simple, compound, or complex. A simple sentence has one subject and one verb and makes sense to the reader. The combination of one subject and one verb forms an independent clause. An example of a simple sentence is: Kyle works in our Information Services Department.
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A compound sentence consists of two independent clauses connected by a coordinating conjunction ( and, or, but , etc.) or a semicolon. An example of a compound sentence is: Kyle works in our Information Services Department, and he attends college classes in the evening.
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