Test 2 - Audience Theory Relationships o Factors 1 Number...

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Audience: Theory Relationships: o Factors 1. Number of people Dyad- 2 people Groups- 3 or more 2. Purpose Task Social 3. Duration Long term Short term 4. Depth Casual In between Intimacy o Expectations- what do we expect to get out of this relationship Prototypes (for relationships) Label (friend) Criteria- of characteristic that the relationship must have o Ex. Trust Behaviors- things that make the relationship possible o Relational Definitions- how you define it Relation culture- when you go back to who you were in a past atmosphere Ex. How you were in high school Relation contracts- rules evolve, rules that are negotiated in a relationship o Ex. Knock before walk into bathroom o Social exchange theory Rewards- cost = benefits Rewards- what you get out of the relationship Cost- time, money o Both equal the benefits, you will stay in a relationship as long as you get something out of it. Others/Groups & Social norms Others- recipients of our messages, we adapt to the other to get them to accept what we say o We do this by following Social groups share a set of values as to the way to act and what is accepted Social norms are the rules that develop in that group o Socialization-we do this through the process of socialization
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2 types of socialization: primary and secondary Primary- where we get our culture, language. Get this through family, ethnicity Secondary- teaches us how to be a member of group after childhood o Situational Constraints- within every situation there are situational constraints Physical constraint- the environment o Conflict- struggle when 2 people cannot agree Types Pseudo- means false, a false conflict. When you are not in a conflict you just think you are. Simple- when you just don’t agree, just disagree Ego- can damage a relationship o Ex. One person want to see one movie will the other person wants to go see another one Approaches Nonassertive- Aggressive- when you dominate others or the rights of other just to get your own way. Assertive-When you stand up for your own right without damaging other. This is the ideal, although may no be the best in certain situations. Causes- Goals- incompatible goals How do you best allocate scarce resources o Ex. Money, resources Decisions that need to made o Ex. How to decorate, should take job in another state Individual difference- different beliefs, attitude interest Rivalry- competition for job Relational differences Inappropriate behavior DESC- a scrip to handle conflict Describe- Express- how it makes you feel Specify Consequences
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Communication and Strategic interaction: -How do you get someone to do something for you -3 issues when you communicate: 1. Instrumental – attempting to achieve something, we are trying to get something done through talk.
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