104Ch8 - The Play Years: Biosocial Development Slides...

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Unformatted text preview: The Play Years: Biosocial Development Slides prepared by Grand Rapids Community College and revised by Nicole Porter, Modesto Junior College The Developing Person Through Childhood and Adolescence by Kathleen Stassen Berger Chapter 8 Seventh Edition Berger: The Developing Person Through Childhood and Adolescence , 7th Edition, Chapter 8 Growth Patterns from 2- 6 years Children become slimmer, more muscular, and gain almost 3 and 4 lbs per year. Growth is influenced by: Ethnic and cultural practices Socioeconomic status Genes Nutrition Berger: The Developing Person Through Childhood and Adolescence , 7th Edition, Chapter 8 Nutrition in the Play Years Young children tend to be picky eaters who insist on rituals. Example : a toddler refuses to eat foods that are touching each other, or she wants to drink only from a certain cup Too much fat and sugar, and too little iron, calcium, and zinc are problems. Refer to the USDA website to view the new Food Pyramid. www.mypyramid.gov Berger: The Developing Person Through Childhood and Adolescence , 7th Edition, Chapter 8 Brain Development There is considerable brain development in the play years. For example, by age 5, the brain is 90% of its adult weight. PHOTODISC Berger: The Developing Person Through Childhood and Adolescence , 7th Edition, Chapter 8 The Importance of Myelination Myelination speeds up neural transmission, leading to improvements in memory, impulse control, and contemplation. Both maturation and practice affect this process. Berger: The Developing Person Through Childhood and Adolescence , 7th Edition, Chapter 8 Connecting the Brains Hemispheres The corpus callosum myelinates rapidly during the play years. This leads to more efficient communication between hemispheres. Therefore, kids can more easily perform actions that involve both halves of the brain or body. Berger: The Developing Person Through Childhood and Adolescence , 7th Edition, Chapter 8 Berger: The Developing Person Through Childhood and Adolescence , 7th Edition, Chapter 8 The Left-Handed Child Along with genes, experience affects hand preferencejust ask any natural left- hander whose teacher forced him to be right-handed! Most societies favor right-handedness. Berger: The Developing Person Through Childhood and Adolescence , 7th Edition, Chapter 8 The prefrontal cortex (or frontal lobe) is essential for higher order cognition, including planning and impulse control....
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This note was uploaded on 03/10/2012 for the course PSYCH 3307 taught by Professor Valerie during the Spring '12 term at Texas Pan American.

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104Ch8 - The Play Years: Biosocial Development Slides...

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