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06 The Ottomans - The Strength of Islam The Ottomans...

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    The Strength of Islam: The Ottomans The Strength of Islam: The Ottomans Suleiman the Magnificent Constantinople/Istanbul Ottoman Empire
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The Historical Background The Mongols (c. 1260) The fiasco of the Fourth Crusade (1204) The Invasion of the  Seljuk Turks and the Decline of the  Byzantine Empire Battle of Manzikert (1071)
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Osman I (r. 1302-1324) The Foundation of the Ottoman Empire In 1302 Osman conquered the former Byzantine province  of Bithynia. His son Orhan intervened in a Byzantine civil war and was given control of a fortress on Gallipoli in 1352.
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Expansion of the Ottoman Empire
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Timur 1336-1405 Christopher Marlowe’s Play Tamburlaine the Great Bayezid I in a cage Timurid Interlude
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Mehmed II “the Conqueror” r. 1451-1481 Conquest of Constantinople in 1453 Although the Byzantine empire was already very weak, this victory gave the Ottomans a new European capital,
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