08 Ming and Qing China

08 Ming and Qing China - Zheng He (c. 1405-1433) Reasons...

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Ming and Qing China Ming and Qing China Great Wall Block Printing Zheng He’s fleet Manchu Bannerman
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China as a Center of Civilization China as a Center of Civilization Chinese Geography The Great Wall and the Grand Canal Strengths of Chinese Civilization: 1) Cultural continuity 2) Relatively autonomous early development 3) Writing and record keeping 4) Technological innovation 5) Large urban centers 6) Political unification Oracle bones Block printing
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Yuan Dynasty (1271-1368) Yuan Dynasty (1271-1368) Yuan Decline Black Death 1330s Flooding of the Yellow River 1344 Civil War/Warring States 1350s-1360s
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Ming Dynasty (1368-1644) Ming Dynasty (1368-1644) Ming means “bright” Hongwu r. 1368-1398 Hungwu reinstated the Confucian examination system in 1382 Confucius 551-479 BC •Filial piety •Education “Mandate of Heaven”
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The Height of Ming Power The Height of Ming Power Yongle Emperor (r. 1402-1424) He moved the capital to Beijing and built extensively there between 1406 and 1417
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Unformatted text preview: Zheng He (c. 1405-1433) Reasons for Chinese Isolationism from the late 1400s 1) Economic factors 2) Frontier defense 3) Cultural changes Ming Power and Decline Ming Power and Decline Portuguese trading center at Macau from 1557 China exports porcelain and cloth New World crops such as maize, sweet potatoes, and peanuts help to sustain population growth of up to 150,000,000 by the end of the period Causes of Ming Decline 1) Weakening emperors 2) Border troubles 3) Natural disasters in the 1630s Qing Dynasty (1644-1912) Qing Dynasty (1644-1912) The Manchu captured Beijing in 1644 and deposed the last Ming emperor in 1662 Qing means pure Kangxi (r. 1661-1722) Treaty of Nerchinsk with Russia in 1689 Chinese control of Taiwan and Tibet Manchu Bannerman Qing China Qing China Forbidden City Foot binding Neo-Confucianism China and The Great Divergence Population rises to 300 million in the 18 th century...
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08 Ming and Qing China - Zheng He (c. 1405-1433) Reasons...

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