test two _ SG

test two _ SG - Personality Traits Idiosyncratic and...

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Personality Traits - Idiosyncratic and individual factors that set one person apart from another o Why they provide useful information for organizations. – organizations must understand how employees mesh together. Predispositions/personalities are great predictors of actual behaviors. o Differentiate between communibiological and socially learned perspectives. Communibiological perspective– personalities are inherited. Traits are ingrained and change is difficult. Socially learned perspective – traits are developed through observation, they can be altered based on situation. Training can alter communication behavior. Myers-Briggs Type Indicator: - Helps match people to careers - Important for understanding employees - Most widely used personality assessment o The four personality dimensions Energizing: refers to specific factors that motivate employees Extroverted – motivated by outside forces Introverted – motivated by interal factors Attending to information: how a person processes information Intuition – tendency to envision objects yet to be created, creative, good imagination Sensing – tendency to see things at face value, less creative, realistic, practical Decision-making: describes how people settle between choices Thinking – use of logic and structured thought, facts, objective reasoning Feeling – use of subjective reasoning for making decisions Style of living: the way in which a person prefers to live life Judging – preference for an organized and structured life Perceiving – tendency for a spontaneous and flexible lifestyle Verbal Aggressiveness - Predisposition to attack the self-concept of others with the intention of inflicting psychological harm
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o Identify and explain the five reasons for being verbal aggressive. 1. Temperament: biological influence 2. Disdain: deep hatred for another person 3. Psychopathology: repressed feelings of hostility surface when experiencing similar situations 4. Social learning: developed through modeling behavior of others and being rewarded 5. Skills deficiency: lack of arguing skill leads to personal attacks; insults Argumentativeness - Tendency to present and defend positions on controversial issues while attacking the positions of others o People can range from being high or low argumentativeness The higher in argumentativeness the more the person enjoys discussion and argument o Identify explain why it can be useful in the organization. High argumentative people experience: Increased feelings of voice and freedom Greater use of articulated dissent strategies Greater levels of work satisfaction Less burnout Dogmatism - Predisposition to a rigid belief system about right and wrong o Unwilling to consider other viewpoints (stubborn) o Believe personal views are superior to all others o Resist change - Agreement can foster an improved climate Authoritarianism
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test two _ SG - Personality Traits Idiosyncratic and...

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