Chapter 6 - 1 Chapter 6: Learning and Behavior Analysis The...

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1 Chapter 6: Learning and Behavior Analysis The Study of Learning What is learning? o Learning – A process based on experience that results in a relatively permanent change in behavior or behavioral potential o Learning-Performance Distinction – The difference between what has been learned and what is expressed in over behavior o Habituation – A decrease in a behavioral response when a stimulus is presented repeatedly o Sensitization – An increase in behavioral response when a stimulus is presented repeatedly Behaviorism and Behavior Analysis o John Watson found the school of psychology known as behaviorism o Behavior Analysis – The area of psychology that focuses on the environmental determinants of learning and behavior. Classical Conditioning: Learning Predictable Signals Classical Conditioning – A type of learning in which a behavior comes to be elicited by a stimulus that has acquired its power through an association with a biologically significant stimulus. o Pavlov’s surprising observation. Classical condition is also called Pavlovian conditioning. o Reflex – An unlearned response elicited by specific stimuli that have biological relevance for an organism o Unconditioned Stimulus – In classical conditioning, the stimulus that elicits an unconditioned response. o Unconditioned Response – In classical conditioning, the response elicited by an unconditioned stimulus without prior training or learning. o Conditioned Stimulus – In classical conditioning, a previously neutral stimulus that comes to elicit a conditioned response. o Conditioned Response – In classical conditioning, a response elicited by some previously neutral stimulus with an unconditioned stimulus. Processes of Conditioning
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2 Chapter 6: Learning and Behavior Analysis o Acquisition – The stage in a classical conditioning experiment during which the conditioned response is first elicited by the conditioned stimulus. Timing is critical
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This note was uploaded on 03/12/2012 for the course PSY 103 taught by Professor Canli during the Spring '08 term at SUNY Stony Brook.

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Chapter 6 - 1 Chapter 6: Learning and Behavior Analysis The...

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