Chapter 7 - Page 1 Chapter 7 Memory What is memory? Memory...

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Page 1 Chapter 7 Memory What is memory? Memory – The mental capacity to encode, store, and retrieve information Function of Memory o Explicit use of memory – Conscious effort to encode or recover information through memory processes. o Implicit use of memory – Availability of information through memory processes without conscious effort to encode or recover information. o Declarative memory – Memory for information such as facts and events. o Procedural memory – Memory for how things get done; the way perceptual, cognitive, and motor skills are acquired, retained, and used. An Overview of memory Processes o Encoding – The process by which a mental representation is formed in memory o Storage – The retention of encoded material over time. o Retrieval –The memory of stored information from memory. Memory Use for the Short Term Iconic memory o Iconic Memory – Memory system in the visual domain that allows large amounts of information to be stored for very brief durations. o Sensory memory: Researchers have speculated that each sensory system has a memory store that preserves representations of physical features of environmental stimuli. Short-Term Memory o Short-Term Memory – memory processes associated with preservation of recent experiences and with retrieval of information from long-term memory; short-term memory is of limited capacity and stores information for only a short length of time. o Maintenance rehearsal: Repetition of an idea to memorize it. o Chunking – The process of taking single items of information and recoding them on the basis of similarity or some other organizing principle.
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Page 2 Chapter 7 Memory
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Page 3 Chapter 7 Memory Working Memory o Working Memory – A memory resource that is used to accomplish tasks such as reasoning and language comprehension; consists of the phonological loop,
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Chapter 7 - Page 1 Chapter 7 Memory What is memory? Memory...

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