ch12%20-%20Power%20Politics%20-%20Notes

ch12%20-%20Power%20Politics%20-%20Notes - Movie Lesson: Is...

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Movie Lesson: Is there a common explanation for their excellence? No … hence the study of leadership begins … and is followed by many explanations 1
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Definition Having something that someone else wants Being in control of resources when there are few alternative sources It is not always perceived or exercised It does not imply a poor relationship between the power holder and the target of powe It does not imply a poor relationship between the power holder and the target of power Power can flow in any direction in an organization Power applies to both individuals and groups 4
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It is based on one’s authority and level in an organization’s hierarchy. Legitimate power works because people have been socialized to accept its influence. Reward Power Power derived from the ability to provide positive outcomes and prevent negative outcomes. It corresponds to the concept of positive reinforcement. Any organizational member can attempt to exert influence over others with praise, compliments, and flattery. Coercive Power Power derived from the use of punishment and threat. Lower-level organizational members can also apply their share of coercion. When managers use coercive power, it is generally ineffective and can provoke considerable employee resistance. Referent Power Power derived from being well liked by others. It stems from identification with the power holder. Referent power is available to anyone in an organization who is well liked. Interpersonal relations often permit influence to extend across the organization, outside the usual channels of legitimate authority, reward, and coercion. Expert Power Power derived from having special information or expertise that is valued by an organization. Expert power corresponds to difficulty of replacement. Expert power is a valuable asset for managers. Of all the bases of power, expertise is most consistently associated with employee effectiveness. Employees perceive women managers as more likely than male managers to be high in expert power. 5
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ch12%20-%20Power%20Politics%20-%20Notes - Movie Lesson: Is...

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