Nutrition %26 Health 3-4 %282011%29

Nutrition %26 Health 3-4 %282011%29 - What if BMI is low?...

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1 What if BMI is low? Æ undernutrition! How to determine? BMI < 18.5 What is PEM ? Conditions associated with deprivation of protein, energy, or both. It could affects any person, but it most often strikes early in childhood. Currently, about 500 million children have PEM worldwide! Classification of PEM: Kwashiorkor and Marasmus Kwashiorkor : caused by an inadequate amount or quality of protein in the presence of adequate energy. Marasmus : caused by a lack of energy, with protein deficiency an indirect result.
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2 Sing Tao Daily Sing Tao Daily Sep 16, 2004 Sep 16, 2004 SCMP SCMP Nov 24, 2009 Nov 24, 2009 Currently ~ 0.3- 0.5billion (300 – 500 million) Malnourished Children Worldwide
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3 2 nd child
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4 Other at risk population groups subjects with anorexia elderly persons persons with chronic illness
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5 Possible consequence of maternal malnutrition Offspring born from malnourished mothers have higher risk of chronic diseases in adult life On the other hand, weight of offspring correlates with weight of mother at pregnancy
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6 Nature 467:963-967,2010 http://www.mhhe.com/socscience/sex/common/ibank/ibank/0113.jpg Fetal / developmental programming
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7 You are what your mother eats. Also true …You are what you eat
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This note was uploaded on 03/12/2012 for the course BIOL 0126 taught by Professor Wux. during the Winter '11 term at HKU.

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Nutrition %26 Health 3-4 %282011%29 - What if BMI is low?...

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