MUS 215 B [[Test 2]]

MUS 215 B [[Test 2]] - MUS 215 B: Test 2 Baroque Era (Part...

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MUS 215 B: Test 2 Baroque Era (Part 3) Monody - Vocal style established in the Baroque, with a solo singer and instrumental accompaniment Figured bass - Baroque practice consisting of an independent bass line that often includes numerals indicating the harmony to be supplied by the performer Basso continuo - Italian for "continuous bass" Also refers to performance group with a bass, chordal instrument (harpsichord, organ), and one bass melody instrument (cello, bassoon). Major/minor tonality - A harmonic system based on the use of major and minor scales, widely practiced from the 17 th to the late 19 th century Equal temperament - Tuning system based on the division of the octave into twelve equal half steps; the normal system used today Doctrine of the affections - Baroque doctrine of the union of text and music Baroque - a period of artistic style that used exaggerated motion and clear, easily interpreted detail to produce drama, tension, exuberance, and grandeur in sculpture, painting, literature, dance, and music Florentine camerata - a group of humanists, musicians, poets and intellectuals in late Renaissance Florence who gathered under the patronage of Count Giovanni de' Bardi to discuss and guide trends in the arts, especially music and drama Opera - Music drama that is generally sung throughout, combining the resources of vocal and instrumental music with poetry and drama, acting and pantomime, scenery and costumes. Claudio Monteverdi - (1567-1643) Italian composer of the Baroque period Overture -An introductory movement, as in an opera or oratorio, often presents melodies from arias to come. Also an orchestral work for concert performance Libretto - text of script of an opera, oratorio, cantata, or musical, written by a librettist Recitative - Solo vocal declamation that follows the inflections of the text, often resulting in a disjunct vocal style; found in opera, cantata, and oratorio. Choruses - Fairly large group of singers who perform together, usually with several on each part, also a choral movement of a large-scale work Librettist - the author of a libretto Aria - Lyric song for solo voice with orchestral accompaniment, generally expressing intense emotion; found in opera, cantata, and oratorio. Da capo aria - Lyric song in ternary, or A-B-A, form, commonly found in operas, cantatas, and oratorios Sinfonias - Short instrumental work, found in Baroque opera, to better facilitate scene changes. Castrati - Male singer who was castrated during boyhood to preserve the soprano or alto vocal register, prominent in seventeenth-and early eighteenth-century opera Tragedie lyrique - French serious opera of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, with spectacular dance scenes and brilliant choruses on tales of courtly love or heroic adventures; associated with J.-B. Lully. Jean-Baptiste Lully
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MUS 215 B [[Test 2]] - MUS 215 B: Test 2 Baroque Era (Part...

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